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The microbial community (bacterial, archaeal, and fungi) and eight genes involved in the nitrogen biogeochemical cycle (nifH, nitrogen fixation; bacterial and archaeal amoA, ammonia oxidation; narG, nitrate reduction; nirS, nirK, nitrite reduction; norB, nitric oxide reduction; and nosZ, nitrous oxide reduction) were quantitatively assessed in this study,(More)
Cadmium (Cd) is one of the environmental pollutants affecting various tissues and organs including testis. Harmful effect of Cd in testis is known to be germ cell degeneration and impairment of testicular steroidogenesis. Animals treated with high doses of Cd (0.2 and 0.3 mg/100g BW) showed a significant decrease in serum testosterone (T) level, but a(More)
Quorum sensing (QS)-dependent biofilm formation and motility were controlled by AqsR in Acinetobacter oleivorans DR1. QS-controlled phenotypes appeared to be inhibited by indole and the aqsR mutant had the same phenotypes. We demonstrated that the turnover rate of AqsR became more rapid without the N-acylhomoserine lactone (AHL) signal, and that indole(More)
Acinetobacter oleivorans DR1 lacks an upper pathway for naphthalene degradation and cannot grow using naphthalene as sole carbon source; however, it is capable of growing under naphthalene-amended conditions in the presence of naphthalene-degrading Pseudomonas sp. AS1. ¹H-NMR spectroscopy, high-performance liquid chromatography and gene expression analyses(More)
Anti-estrogen therapy has been shown to reduce mammographic breast density (MD). We hypothesized that a short-term change in breast density may be a surrogate biomarker predicting response to adjuvant endocrine therapy (ET) in breast cancer. We analyzed data for 1,065 estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer patients who underwent surgery between 2003(More)
Red clay was previously used to enhance bioremediation of diesel-contaminated soil. It was speculated that the enhanced degradation of diesel was due to increased bacterial growth. In this study, we selected Acinetobacter oleivorans DR1, a soil-borne degrader of diesel and alkanes, as a model bacterium and performed transcriptional analysis using RNA(More)
High concentrations of indole are known to be toxic to cells due to perturbations in membrane potential. Here, we report for the first time a transcriptome analysis of a soil model bacterium, Pseudomonas putida KT2440, under indole treatment. We demonstrated that 47 genes are differentially expressed, including 11 genes involved in the tricarboxylic acid(More)
A nanolaser is a key component for on-chip optical communications and computing systems. Here, we report on the low-threshold, continuous-wave operation of a subdiffraction nanolaser based on surface plasmon amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. The plasmonic nanocavity is formed between an atomically smooth epitaxial silver film and a single(More)
Cadmium (Cd) is a highly toxic metal that affects a variety of cellular events, such as cell proliferation, differentiation and survival. Cd generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) that induce apoptosis. We previously demonstrated that Cd induces apoptosis in testicular germ cells and that apoptosis was prevented by the administration of ascorbic acid (AA),(More)
Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has been promoted for its beneficial effects on tissue healing and pain relief. As during laser treatment it is possible to irradiate only a small area of the surface body or wound and, correspondingly, of a very small volume of the circulating blood, it is necessary to explain how its photomodification can lead to a wide(More)