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The BRCA2 N372H nonconservative amino acid substitution polymorphism appears to affect fetal survival in a sex-dependent manner, and the HH genotype was found to be associated with a 1.3-fold risk of breast cancer from pooling five case-control studies of Northern European women. We investigated whether the BRCA2 N372H polymorphism was associated with(More)
The linkage and association between inherent blood pressure and underlying genotype is potentially confounded by antihypertensive treatment. We estimated blood pressure variance components (genetic, shared environmental, individual-specific) in 767 adult volunteer families by using a variety of approaches to adjusting blood pressure of the 244 subjects(More)
Many risk prediction models have been developed for cardiovascular diseases in different countries during the past three decades. However, there has not been consistent agreement regarding how to appropriately assess a risk prediction model, especially when new markers are added to an established risk prediction model. Researchers often use the area under(More)
BACKGROUND Although previous studies have investigated beliefs about back pain in clinical and employed populations, there is a paucity of data examining the beliefs of the broader community. We aimed to characterize the beliefs that community-dwelling women have about back pain and its consequences, and to determine whether those with varying levels of(More)
The correlations between systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and between SBP and body mass index (BMI), might result from genetic or environmental factors that determine variation in 2 or more phenotypes and are shared by family members. In 767 adult nuclear families (n=2912 individuals, including 66 pairs of monozygotic twins(More)
Various statistical methods have been proposed to evaluate associations between measured genetic variants and disease, including some using family designs. For breast cancer and rare variants, we applied a modified segregation analysis method that uses the population cancer incidence and population-based case families in which a mutation is known to be(More)
Knowledge of HIV incidence is important to formulate sensible strategies aimed at controlling the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Back-projection is one of the methods for reconstructing the HIV incidence curve from AIDS incidence data. However, because of the low risk of developing AIDS during the first few years after infection, precise estimates of HIV incidence for(More)
BACKGROUND Analysis of recurrent event data is frequently needed in clinical and epidemiological studies. An important issue in such analysis is how to account for the dependence of the events in an individual and any unobserved heterogeneity of the event propensity across individuals. METHODS We applied a number of conditional frailty and nonfrailty(More)
In epidemiologic studies, researchers often need to establish a nonlinear exposure-response relation between a continuous risk factor and a health outcome. Furthermore, periodic interviews are often conducted to take repeated measurements from an individual. The authors proposed to use fractional polynomial models to jointly analyze the effects of 2(More)
OBJECTIVES Although an asthma-like syndrome has been recognised in aluminium smelter workers for over 70 years, the causal agent has been difficult to identify. METHODS An inception cohort study was conducted at two Australian aluminium smelters where 446 employees participated over a period of 9 years. Cumulative exposures between interviews were(More)