Learn More
Interaction between endothelial cells and mural cells (pericytes and vascular smooth muscle) is essential for vascular development and maintenance. Endothelial cells arise from Flk1-expressing (Flk1+) mesoderm cells, whereas mural cells are believed to derive from mesoderm, neural crest or epicardial cells and migrate to form the vessel wall. Difficulty in(More)
We demonstrated endothelial production of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), the third member of the natriuretic peptide family, and its regulation by cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha). We thus proposed that CNP can control vascular tone and growth as an endothelium-derived relaxing peptide. We also revealed the marked elevation of(More)
In response to neurotransmitters, astrocytes show various types of calcium increase (transient, oscillatory, and complex), the physiological significance of which is still controversial. To explore this variability, we examined factors affecting the calcium increase pattern in cultured astrocytes and investigated the consequences of the astrocytic calcium(More)
Growth arrest-specific homeobox (Gax) gene was isolated from rat aorta cDNA library and its expression was largely confined to the cardiovascular tissues. Gax gene was rapidly downregulated by platelet-derived growth factor in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and overexpressed Gax was reported to reduce the neointimal thickening after balloon injury in(More)
  • 1