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We report that a novel sulfonylamino compound, 4-[2-(phenylsulfonylamino)ethylthio]-2,6-difluoro-phenoxyacetam ide (PEPA), selectively potentiates glutamate receptors of the AMPA subtype. PEPA (1-200 microM) dose dependently potentiated glutamate-evoked currents in Xenopus oocytes expressing AMPA (GluRA-GluRD), but not kainate (GluR6 and GluR6+KA2) or NMDA(More)
Androgens play an important role in male sexual differentiation and development. The activity of androgens is mediated by an androgen receptor (AR), which binds to specific DNA recognition sites and regulates transcription. We describe here the isolation of two distinct rainbow trout cDNA clones, designated rtAR-alpha and rtAR-beta, which contain the entire(More)
Here we describe the isolation of a rainbow trout cDNA containing an entire GR coding region. Although the encoded protein is highly homologous to other GRs, especially in its DNA binding domain, it contains a nine amino acid insertion between the two zinc fingers. This novel form is found in all rainbow trout tissues examined; however, the testis also(More)
Pit-1 is a pituitary-specific transcription factor responsible for activating the growth hormone (GH) gene family. The localization of Pit-1 protein in the pituitary of rainbow trout was studied by immunocytochemical analysis. Fish Pit-1 was found to be extensively localized in the nuclei of cells in the proximal pars distalis (PPD), rostral pars distalis(More)
The methanol extract of Sophora flavescens, which is used in traditional Chinese medicine (sophorae radix), showed potent Na(+)-glucose cotransporter (SGLT) inhibitory activity. Our search for active components identified many well-known flavonoid antioxidants: kurarinone, sophoraflavanone G, kushenol K, and kushenol N.
1. In order to examine whether a recently developed allosteric potentiator for AMPA receptors, 4-[2-(phenylsulphonylamino)ethylthio]-2,6-difluoro-phenoxyaceta mide (PEPA), can be utilized as an indicator of AMPA receptor heterogeneity, the action of PEPA upon the increase of intracellular free calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]i) elicited by AMPA was(More)
We have recently isolated two androgen receptor cDNA clones from the rainbow trout testis. To investigate the functions of the rainbow trout androgen receptor-alpha (rtAR-alpha), we investigated the ligand binding ability and transcriptional activity of rtAR-alpha. Interestingly, in ligand-competition experiments, testosterone (T) (IC(50) 3 x 10(-9) M)(More)
Two cyclic diarylheptanoids, acerogenins A (1) and B (2) have been isolated from the bark of Acer nikoense as inhibitors of Na(+)-glucose cotransporter (SGLT). Acerogenins A (1) and B (2) inhibited both isoforms, SGLT1 and SGLT2. Structure-activity relationship of acerogenin derivatives on inhibitory activity of SGLT as well as conformational analysis of 1(More)
Three new picraline-type alkaloids, alstiphyllanines E-G (1-3) and a new ajmaline-type alkaloid, alstiphyllanine H (4) were isolated from the leaves of Alstonia macrophylla together with 16 related alkaloids (5-20). Structures and stereochemistry of 1-4 were fully elucidated and characterized by 2D NMR analysis. Alstiphyllanines E and F (1 and 2) showed(More)
We have analyzed the effect of palmitoleic acid on short-term food intake in male rats. Administration of omega-7 palmitoleic acid by oral gavage significantly decreased food intake compared to palmitic acid, omega-9 oleic acid, or a vehicle control. Palmitoleic acid exhibited a dose-dependent effect in this context and did not cause general malaise. A(More)