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We have identified three members of the AGAP subfamily of ASAP family ADP-ribosylation factor GTPase-activating proteins (Arf GAPs). In addition to the Arf GAP domain, these proteins contain GTP-binding protein-like, ankyrin repeat and pleckstrin homology domains. Here, we have characterized the ubiquitously expressed AGAP1/KIAA1099. AGAP1 had Arf GAP(More)
Artificial bones have often used for bone regeneration due to their strength, but they cannot provide an adequate environment for cell penetration and settlement. We therefore attempted to explore various materials that may allow the cells to penetrate and engraft in bone defects. PuraMatrix is a self-assembling peptide scaffold that produces a nanoscale(More)
Structures of intermediates and transition states in protein folding are usually characterized by amide hydrogen exchange and protein engineering methods and interpreted on the basis of the assumption that they have native-like conformations. We were able to stabilize and determine the high-resolution structure of a partially unfolded intermediate that(More)
The hydrogen exchange behavior of a four-helix bundle protein in low concentrations of denaturant reveals some partially unfolded forms that are significantly more stable than the fully unfolded state. Kinetic folding of the protein, however, is apparently two-state in the absence of the accumulation of early folding intermediates. The partially unfolded(More)
To test whether it is practical to use phage display coupled with proteolysis for protein design, we used this approach to convert a partially unfolded four-helix bundle protein, apocytochrome b(562), to a stably folded four-helix bundle protein. Four residues expected to form a hydrophobic core were mutated. One residue was changed to Trp to provide a(More)
The native-state hydrogen exchange of a redesigned apocytochrome b(562) suggests that at least two partially unfolded forms (PUFs) exist for this four-helix bundle protein under native conditions. The more stable PUF has the N-terminal helix unfolded. To verify the conclusion further and obtain more detailed structural information about this PUF, five(More)
Barnase is one of the few protein models that has been studied extensively for protein folding. Previous studies led to the conclusion that barnase folds through a very stable submillisecond intermediate ( approximately 3 kcal/mol). The structure of this intermediate was characterized intensively by using a protein engineering approach. This intermediate(More)
Freshly isolated porcine hepatocytes are a very attractive cell source in the cell-based therapies to treat liver failure because of unlimited availability. However, due to the loss of hepatocyte functions in vitro, there is a need to develop a functional culture system to keep the cells metabolically active. Here we compared the effect of a self-assembling(More)
Islet transplantation is associated with an elevated rate of early graft failure. The isolation process leads to structural and functional abnormalities. The reestablishment of the cell-matrix relationship is important to modulate the survival and function of islets. Thus, we evaluated the effect of human fibronectin (hFN) and self-assembling peptide(More)
The previous native-state hydrogen exchange experiment with barnase failed to detect any partially unfolded intermediate state which was contrary to the experimental results from kinetic deuterium hydrogen exchange pulse labeling and protein engineering studies. This has been taken to suggest that the native-state hydrogen exchange method cannot be used(More)