Jiro Takahara

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To evaluate the responses to insulin-induced hypoglycemia of neurons in vivo, we studied Fos protein induction in the brain by means of immunohistochemistry. The induction of Fos protein was maximum after the first injection of insulin for 3 h. This induction was found in the parvocellular division of paraventricular nucleus (PVN), the periventricular,(More)
Through the combined demonstration of the retrograde transport of True blue and the immunohistochemical staining of galanin (GAL), the GAL neurons that project to the median eminence were identified. Moreover, the distribution of GAL and growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF) was analyzed in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) with an elution-restaining procedure.(More)
OBJECTIVE The abundance of HDL particles correlates inversely with the incidence of coronary heart disease. The human scavenger receptor B1 (hSR-B1/CLA-1) is a receptor for HDL. Expression of hSR-B1/CLA-1 mRNA and protein in human platelets was determined using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, respectively. Presence of the(More)
The thymus contains many apoptotic cells that arise from the process of positive and negative selection. Both thymic macrophages and thymic nurse cells/nursing thymic epithelial cells (nursing TECs), non-professional phagocytes, recognize and ingest apoptotic cells without inflammation or tissue damage. Previously we reported that human scavenger receptor(More)
The presence of the CRF-containing neurons in the hypothalamus was investigated in four different species (cats, dogs, pigs, and monkeys) by the peroxidase-antiperoxidase technique using specific antiserum to CRF. In all animals examined, CRF-containing perikarya were found mainly in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei, and a small number of the(More)
Utilizing immunohistochemistry for the c-fos protein to detect neuronal activity, we examined the effects of continuous intravenous and intracerebroventricular infusion of interleukin (IL)-1 beta in the rat brain, and the involvement of prostaglandins (PGs) in IL-1 beta-induced c-fos expression. Continuous intravenous infusion of IL-1 beta (10 ng/min)(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CFR) was bioassayed and arginine vasopressin (AVP) radioimmunoassayed from punched-out hypothalamic nuclei. The highest concentration of CFR was found in the median eminence (ME), followed by the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), supraoptic nucleus (SON), suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), arcuate nucleus (ARC), dorsomedial nucleus(More)
Effects of 1-(m-trifluoromethylphenyl)-piperazine, a serotonin agonist, were examined on rat plasma levels of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) and arginine vasopressin (AVP), and on hypothalamic contents of corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) and AVP, to investigate the role of brain serotonin in ACTH regulation. Both plasma ACTH and AVP levels increased(More)
Nerve growth factor-induced clone B (NGFI-B), Nur-related factor 1, and neuron-derived orphan receptor-1 have structural features of ligand-activated transcriptional regulators and constitute the NGFI-B subfamily within the nuclear receptor superfamily. The NGFI-B subfamily is highly expressed in neuroendocrine organs and regulates the pro-opiomelanocortin(More)
This newly developed specific radioimmunoassay for corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) had a sensitivity range of 25 pg/tube to 4 ng/tube. Intra and interassay coefficient of variation were 4.6% and 9.8%, respectively. Rat median eminence extracts showed a parallel dose response curve with synthetic ovine CRF and a significant cross reaction was not(More)