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Low-level laser (LLL) irradiation promotes proliferation of muscle satellite cells, angiogenesis and expression of growth factors. Satellite cells, angiogenesis and growth factors play important roles in the regeneration of muscle. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of LLL irradiation on rat gastrocnemius muscle recovering from disuse(More)
INTRODUCTION In this study we investigated the molecular mechanism underlying muscle contracture in rats. METHODS The rats were divided into immobilization and control groups, and soleus muscles of the right and left sides were selected for analyses. RESULTS The levels of CD11b and α-SMA protein, IL-1β, and TGF-β1 mRNA, and type I and III collagen(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of heat treatment on glucocorticoid (GC)-induced myopathy. Eight-week-old Wistar rats were randomly assigned to the control, Dex, and Dex + Heat groups. Dexamethasone (2 mg/kg) was injected subcutaneously 6 days per week for 2 weeks in the Dex and Dex + Heat group. In the Dex + Heat group, heat(More)
This study examined effects of therapeutic ultrasound on joint mobility and collagen fibril arrangement in the endomysium of immobilized rat soleus muscle. Twenty-two male Wistar rats were divided randomly into control (n = 5) and experimental groups (n = 17). In the experimental group, bilateral ankle joints of each rat were fixed in full plantar flexion(More)
This study was designed to investigate histological changes in skin tissue accompanying immobilization-induced hypersensitivity. Changes in mechanical sensitivity, epidermal thickness, and peripheral nerve profiles in the upper dermis were examined in glabrous skin of rat hind paw after 1, 2, and 4 weeks of ankle joint immobilization by plaster casts.(More)
This study examined the effects of therapeutic pulsed ultrasound (US) on the development of disuse muscle atrophy in rat gastrocnemius muscle. Male Wistar rats were randomly distributed into control, immobilization (Im), sham US, and US groups. In the Im, sham US and US groups, the bilateral ankle joints of each rat were immobilized in full plantar flexion(More)
Immobilization is often associated with a decrease in muscle elasticity. This condition is called muscle contracture, but the mechanism is not yet clear. We examined changes in ankle joint mobility, sarcomere length, collagen fibril arrangement in the endomysium, and hyaluronic acid (HYA) in muscular tissue 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks after immobilization of(More)
This study examined mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity in the rat hind paw during cast immobilization of the hind limbs for 4 or 8 weeks and following cast removal. Blood flow, skin temperature, and volume of the rat hind paw were assessed in order to determine peripheral circulation of the hind limbs. Sensitization was analyzed by measuring the(More)
BACKGROUND Cast immobilization is known to induce pain in humans and experimental animal models; however, the detailed mechanisms underlying this pain have yet to be elucidated. Recently, several lines of evidence have indicated that morphological changes in sensory innervation and changes in the expression of pain-related molecules in the epidermis are(More)
Immobilization results in thinning of the articular cartilage and cartilage degeneration, although the exact mechanisms are not clear yet. Hypoxia is thought to contribute to the degeneration of articular cartilage. We investigated the roles of hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and the newly cloned(More)