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Low-level laser (LLL) irradiation promotes proliferation of muscle satellite cells, angiogenesis and expression of growth factors. Satellite cells, angiogenesis and growth factors play important roles in the regeneration of muscle. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of LLL irradiation on rat gastrocnemius muscle recovering from disuse(More)
Brain infarction was induced in rats by injection of microspheres through the right internal carotid artery, and structural changes in the astrocytes were observed during the early period following the infarction. Necrotic foci, varying in size and shape, were found in the right hemisphere. After immunohistochemical staining for GFAP, GFAP-positive(More)
BACKGROUND Cast immobilization is known to induce pain in humans and experimental animal models; however, the detailed mechanisms underlying this pain have yet to be elucidated. Recently, several lines of evidence have indicated that morphological changes in sensory innervation and changes in the expression of pain-related molecules in the epidermis are(More)
This study examined mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity in the rat hind paw during cast immobilization of the hind limbs for 4 or 8 weeks and following cast removal. Blood flow, skin temperature, and volume of the rat hind paw were assessed in order to determine peripheral circulation of the hind limbs. Sensitization was analyzed by measuring the(More)
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the incidence and patterns of referred pain in patients with hip disease, as well as the nerve distribution in the hip and knee joints of 2 cadavers. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 113 patients with hip joint disease were included in the investigation. The incidence of regional pain and referred pain(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if serum levels of skeletal troponin I (sTnI, fast and slow isoforms) could provide a sensitive marker of respiratory muscle damage in healthy humans subjected to inspiratory loads. To accomplish this, we studied healthy, young (27 ± 2 years, Mean ± SEM, n = 5) and middle-aged (55 ± 5, n = 5) men to (1) determine(More)
Cast immobilization of limbs causes hyperalgesia, which is a decline of the threshold of mechanical and thermal mechanical stimuli. The immobilization-induced hyperalgesia (IIH) can disturb rehabilitation and activities of daily living in patients with orthopedic disorders. However, it is unclear what therapeutic and preventive approaches can be used to(More)
The present study aimed to examine if immunization with laminin causes myositis in rats and whether the pathologic findings mirror human polymyositis and dermatomyositis. Rats were immunized with an emulsion of laminin and complete Freund's adjuvant. As a result, muscle fiber necrosis with infiltrating macrophages was frequently observed and mononuclear(More)
This study investigated the effect of continuous passive motion (CPM) initiated after the onset of arthritis in rats. Rats were injected with 3 % kaolin/carrageenan in the knee joint and randomized to the control, immobilization (IM), or CPM group. The knee joints of the IM and CPM groups were immobilized with a cast for 56 days. In the CPM group, CPM(More)
BACKGROUND Cast immobilization induces mechanical hypersensitivity, which disturbs rehabilitation. Although vibration therapy can reduce various types of pain, whether vibration reduces immobilization-induced hypersensitivity remains unclear. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate the preventive and therapeutic effects of vibration therapy(More)