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Genomic screening to map disease loci by association requires automation, pooling of DNA samples, and 3,000-6,000 highly polymorphic, evenly spaced microsatellite markers. Case-control samples can be used in an initial screen, followed by family-based data to confirm marker associations. Association mapping is relevant to genetic studies of complex diseases(More)
We previously reported that when the stress relaxation response of urinary bladder wall (UBW) tissue was analyzed using a single continuous reduced relaxation function (RRF), we observed non-uniformly distributed, time-dependent residuals (Ann Biomed Eng 32(10):1409-1419, 2004). We concluded that the single relaxation spectrum was inadequate and that a new(More)
In order to gain a deeper understanding of bladder function, it is necessary to study the time-dependent response of the bladder wall. The present study evaluated and compared the viscoelastic behaviors of normal and spinal cord injured (SCI) rat bladder wall tissue using an established rat model and planar biaxial stress relaxation tests. Bladders from(More)
The present in-vitro study used bone marrow cell cultures and investigated the effects of cyclic pressure on osteoclastic bone resorption. Compared to control (cells maintained under static conditions), the number of tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-positive, osteoclastic cells was significantly (p<0.05) lower when, immediately upon harvesting,(More)
PURPOSE Overactive bladder symptoms due to various etiologies have been successfully treated with capsaicin by desensitization of the temperature sensitive vanilloid receptor TRPV1. Recently another temperature sensitive receptor, TRPM8, activated by menthol and cool temperatures (8C to 28C) was described that may be the proposed cool receptor, at least in(More)
The ability to bioengineer three-dimensional (3D) tissues is a potentially powerful approach to treat diverse diseases such as cancer, loss of tissue function, or organ failure. Traditional tissue engineering methods, however, face challenges in fabricating 3D tissue constructs that resemble the native tissue microvasculature and microarchitectures. We have(More)
The present study demonstrated unique correlations between characteristic parameters of mechanical loading and osteoblast functions. Specifically, osteoblast proliferation was dependent on the frequency and on the duration of the applied cyclic pressure stimulus: decreased cell proliferation was only observed when these cells were exposed to cyclic pressure(More)
Tissue engineering based on building blocks is an emerging method to fabricate 3D tissue constructs. This method requires depositing and assembling building blocks (cell-laden microgels) at high throughput. The current technologies (e.g., molding and photolithography) to fabricate microgels have throughput challenges and provide limited control over(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether diabetes mellitus and the associated changes in bladder function will trigger bladder wall tissue remodeling and concomitant alterations in the mechanical properties. We investigated the time course of changes in function and mechanical properties of diabetic and diuretic rat bladders using both in vivo and in vitro(More)
Until recently, the bladder urothelium had been thought of only as a physical barrier between urine and underlying bladder tissue. Recent studies, however, have demonstrated that the urothelium is sensitive to mechanical stimuli and responds by releasing signaling molecules (NO, ATP). This study sought to investigate the role of select ion channels in(More)