Jiro Kumagai

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BACKGROUND The role of human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) 3 and HER4 has been elucidated in gastric cancer. HER1 and HER2 overexpression are regarded as prognostic factors and targets of treatment. The dimerization of the HER family receptors activates downstream signal pathways and promotes tumor progression. This study investigated the positive(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of preoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) levels on the prognosis in patients with upper urinary tract (UUT) urothelial carcinoma (UC) primarily treated surgically, as it is increasingly recognized that a systemic inflammatory response is associated with the prognosis for patients with various malignancies. PATIENTS AND(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the incidence of benign pathologic findings at elective partial nephrectomy for renal masses thought to be renal cell carcinoma (RCC) on preoperative imaging in Japanese patients. METHODS From 1993 to 2007, 176 patients (46 women and 130 men) underwent elective partial nephrectomy for presumed RCC masses in 2 Japanese centers. The(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a fatal neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive motoneuron loss. Redistribution of transactive response deoxyribonucleic acid-binding protein 43 from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and the presence of cystatin C-positive Bunina bodies are considered pathological hallmarks of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, but(More)
Although radical cystectomy with urinary diversion is the standard treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC), loss of native bladder frequently impairs patient's quality of life (QOL). Bladder-sparing approach incorporating chemoradiotherapy (CRT) improves QOL while not compromising survival outcomes in MIBC patients. In this approach, complete(More)
PURPOSE In recent years, flat adenomas of the colorectal mucosa have been intensively investigated by Japanese pathologists. Results of that work indicate that flat adenomas may antedate the development of colorectal carcinomas. Because of differences in the histologic definition of flat adenomas with severe dysplasia and with intramucosal carcinoma within(More)
Differentiated gastric carcinoma (DGC) corresponds roughly to the intestinal type of gastric carcinoma described by Laurén. It has been suggested that DGCs arise from intestinalized gastric mucosa, but recent findings regarding their mucin expression do not support this hypothesis. To evaluate the histogenetic relationship between DGCs and intestinal(More)
PURPOSE C-reactive protein has been shown to be a prognostic factor for renal cell carcinoma. We developed a new prediction model including C-reactive protein in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study is based on 2 cohorts of Japanese patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma, including 249 for evaluating(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), a Ser/Thr protein kinase that mediates intracellular signalling related to cell growth, proliferation, and differentiation, has received considerable interest as a possible target for cancer treatment. We evaluated the correlation of mTOR expression with clinicopathological features, outcomes, and the expression of(More)
Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia (ADCA) is a group of heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorders. By positional cloning, we have identified the gene strongly associated with a form of degenerative ataxia (chromosome 16q22.1-linked ADCA) that clinically shows progressive pure cerebellar ataxia. Detailed examination by use of audiogram suggested that(More)