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For automatic monitoring systems and user oriented services, crowd density estimation becomes an important research topic. There are existing methods like the camera based crowd density estimation or the RFID based counting systems. However, these methods need deployment cost and enough spaces to set the sensors. In this paper, we therefore present a(More)
This paper presents a novel approach for efficient tree construction in ALM (application layer multicast) using layered video coding. This system is suitable for the users in heterogeneous environment such as xDSL and CATV, where upload and download speeds are different. We point out some problems in these environment of the ALM and show their solutions at(More)
This paper presents a method of gender classification by integrating facial, hairstyle, and clothing images. Initially, input images are separated into facial, hairstyle and clothing regions, and independently learned PCAs and GMMs based on thousands of sample images are applied to each region. The classification results are then integrated into a single(More)
This paper presents mathematical frameworks on temporal predic-tive processing in the MPEG video compression standard. Firstly, a coding gain is derived based on traditional prediction theories. The optimum ordering of three different picture types (I,P,B-pictures) is clarified according to image source characteristics. Secondly, a novel framework on the(More)
We present a robust cellular network (RoCNet) that combines a cellular and an opportunistic networks for spatial uplink mobile data offloading, which focuses on the spatial difference of the traffic load among areas (e.g., business district and residential area in the daytime). RoCNet realizes the spatial data offload by leveraging the store-carry-forward(More)
— This paper proposes a novel on-demand multipath routing protocol for a mobile ad hoc network. By applying a newly developed route update procedure with combined metrics of delay, hop count and disjointness, each intermediate node deliberately selects multipath candidates while contributing to suppression of unnecessary routing packets. Extension of(More)
SUMMARY With the advance of high-speed network technologies , availability and popularity of streaming media contents over the Internet has grown rapidly in recent years. Because of their distinct statistical properties and user viewing patterns, traditional delivery and caching schemes for normal web objects such as HTML files or images can not be(More)
TCP is a popular Internet protocol for reliable end-to-end data delivery, but it cannot be directly applied to wireless networks in which packet loss may be induced by higher BER or handover than congestion. TCP assumes that such packet loss is caused by network congestion and initiates congestion control procedures. In this paper, we present a novel(More)