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Parkinson's disease (PD), one of the most common human neurodegenerative diseases, is characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the midbrain. PD is a complex disorder with multiple genetic and environmental factors influencing disease risk. To identify susceptible genes for sporadic PD, we performed case-control(More)
Mutations in parkin gene are responsible for autosomal recessive Parkinson's disease (ARPD) and its loss-of-function is assumed to affect parkin ubiquitin ligase activity. Accumulation of its substrate may induce dopaminergic neurodegeneration in the substantia nigra (SN) of ARPD. Here, we show that parkin interacts with programmed cell death-2 isoform 1(More)
Recently, we confirmed the presence of enhanced neural reconstruction in Parkinson's disease and in an animal model of Parkinson's disease based on increased polysialic acid-like immunoreactivity. Changes in neurogenesis often appear parallel to changes in angiogenesis. Moreover, both these processes share similar modulating factors, like vascular(More)
BACKGROUND Serum uric acid (UA) concentration is linked to the risk of progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to examine the association between serum UA concentration and the occurrence of wearing-off fluctuation (WOF) in Japanese PD patients. METHODS A total of 123 Japanese patients with PD were enrolled in this(More)
Sweet's disease with central nervous system involvement, tentatively named neuro-Sweet's disease, has rarely been reported. Although systemic corticosteroid therapy is highly effective for neurologic symptoms in neuro-Sweet's disease, relapse is common. Here, we describe the case of a 38-year-old Japanese man who presented with relapsing neuro-Sweet's(More)
Oxidative stress including DNA oxidation is implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD). We postulated that DNA repair enzymes such as 8-oxoguanosine DNA glycosylase (OGG1) are involved in the PD process. We performed immunohistochemical and biochemical studies on brains of patients with PD and those of patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and(More)
In neuro-Behcet's disease (NBD), myelitis is a rare clinical form. We report the case of a woman with NBD presenting with unsteady gait and generalized spasticity. Spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed multiple and confluent hyperintensities extending throughout the entire spinal cord on a T2-weighted image with some contrast enhancement. High-dose(More)
Vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) is responsible for packing dopamine into vesicles, and reduces the effects of neurotoxins by sequestering them into vesicles. In this report, we tested the hypothesis that VMAT2 is associated with Lewy body (LB) formation by immunohistochemical staining of midbrain and cortical sections of autopsied brains of(More)
PURPOSE We examined the prevalence and risk of clinical symptoms in a large number of Japanese patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) (n = 1453; 650 males). METHODS Events were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves, logistic regression, and Cox proportional-hazards models. RESULTS The mean age (SD) was 67.7 (10.0), age of onset was 58.0 (11.5),(More)