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Parkinson's disease (PD), one of the most common human neurodegenerative diseases, is characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the midbrain. PD is a complex disorder with multiple genetic and environmental factors influencing disease risk. To identify susceptible genes for sporadic PD, we performed case-control(More)
Mutations in parkin gene are responsible for autosomal recessive Parkinson's disease (ARPD) and its loss-of-function is assumed to affect parkin ubiquitin ligase activity. Accumulation of its substrate may induce dopaminergic neurodegeneration in the substantia nigra (SN) of ARPD. Here, we show that parkin interacts with programmed cell death-2 isoform 1(More)
Recently, we confirmed the presence of enhanced neural reconstruction in Parkinson's disease and in an animal model of Parkinson's disease based on increased polysialic acid-like immunoreactivity. Changes in neurogenesis often appear parallel to changes in angiogenesis. Moreover, both these processes share similar modulating factors, like vascular(More)
Sweet's disease with central nervous system involvement, tentatively named neuro-Sweet's disease, has rarely been reported. Although systemic corticosteroid therapy is highly effective for neurologic symptoms in neuro-Sweet's disease, relapse is common. Here, we describe the case of a 38-year-old Japanese man who presented with relapsing neuro-Sweet's(More)
Oxidative stress including DNA oxidation is implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD). We postulated that DNA repair enzymes such as 8-oxoguanosine DNA glycosylase (OGG1) are involved in the PD process. We performed immunohistochemical and biochemical studies on brains of patients with PD and those of patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and(More)
Vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) is responsible for packing dopamine into vesicles, and reduces the effects of neurotoxins by sequestering them into vesicles. In this report, we tested the hypothesis that VMAT2 is associated with Lewy body (LB) formation by immunohistochemical staining of midbrain and cortical sections of autopsied brains of(More)
The involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) in Sweet's syndrome (acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis) is rare. We report a 47-year-old woman who presented with acute encephalitis and was subsequently diagnosed as having Sweet's syndrome. She developed altered consciousness following fever and erythematous skin plaques in the extremities.(More)
There is ample evidence for the involvement of oxidative stress in mitochondrial DNA damage and repair mechanisms in Parkinson's disease (PD). The human MutY homolog (hMUTYH) which removes misincorporated adenine opposite 8-oxoG in DNA functions in post-replication, and is localized in the nuclei and mitochondria. We hypothesized that hMUTYH is involved in(More)
BACKGROUND Since serum anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody/neuromyelitis optica (NMO)-IgG has been detected as a specific biomarker for NMO), new diagnostic criteria have been proposed. Recently, a rare coexistence of NMO and myasthenia gravis (MG) has been documented. Here, we provide further evidence of the association of these 2 immunologic disorders and(More)