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In recent years, the use of beamformers for source localisation has significantly improved the spatial accuracy of magnetoencephalography. In this paper, we examine techniques by which to optimise experimental design, and ensure that the application of beamformers yields accurate results. We show that variation in the experimental duration, or variation in(More)
We have combined Signal Space Separation and beamformers (SSS beamformer). The SSS beamformer was tested by simulation in the presence of simulated brain noise. The SSS beamformer performs at least as well as the conventional beamformer, provided that the expansion order is sufficiently high. For beamformer outputs which depend on power or power difference(More)
We investigated the feasibility of recording visual evoked brain activity in the human fetus by use of non-invasive magnetoencephalography (MEG). Each recording lasted 6 min and consisted of a sequence of 180 flashes with 33 ms duration delivered 2 s apart over the maternal abdomen. Four of ten fetuses included showed a response; the ranges of amplitude and(More)
In order to obtain adequate signal to noise ratio (SNR), stimulus-evoked brain signals are averaged over a large number of trials. However, in certain applications, e.g. fetal magnetoencephalography (MEG), this approach fails due to underlying conditions (inherently small signals, non-stationary/poorly characterized signals, or limited number of trials).(More)
This paper investigates the application of source reconstruction methodologies to EEG data recorded in concurrent EEG/fMRI experiments at 7T. An EEG phantom containing a dipolar current source is described and used to investigate the accuracy of source localisation. Both dipole fitting and beamformer algorithms are shown to yield accurate locations for the(More)
Channel count in modern MEG systems has been steadily increasing, but are more channels necessary? Assuming that the spatial sampling considerations are satisfied, this question can be answered by examining the MEG system's ability to localize and resolve brain sources. For the simple situation where only uncorrelated sensor noise is present, dipole(More)
The study objective was to determine whether short-term serial magnetoencephalographic (MEG) measurements would increase the odds in favor of obtaining fetal auditory evoked responses in normal fetuses. The recordings were performed in two phases using the newly developed 151-channel fetal MEG system, superconducting quantum interference device array for(More)
The field of biomagnetism advanced considerably since the first recordings of magnetic fields of the human heart in 1963 and of the human brain in 1968. Since the introduction of whole-cortex magnetoencephalography (MEG) systems in 1992, the number of installed channels has dramatically increased, and the magnetic evaluation of the human brain has been(More)
This study shows that the spatial specificity of MEG beamformer estimates of electrical activity can be affected significantly by the way in which covariance estimates are calculated. We define spatial specificity as the ability to extract independent timecourse estimates of electrical brain activity from two separate brain locations in close proximity.(More)
Fetal magnetoencephalogram (fMEG) is measured in the presence of a large interference from maternal and fetal magnetocardiograms (mMCG and fMCG). This cardiac interference can be successfully removed by orthogonal projection of the corresponding spatial vectors. However, orthogonal projection redistributes the fMEG signal among channels. Such redistribution(More)