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Attractive in theory and confirmed to exist, anion-pi interactions have never really been seen at work. To catch them in action, we prepared a collection of monomeric, cyclic and rod-shaped naphthalenediimide transporters. Their ability to exert anion-pi interactions was demonstrated by electrospray tandem mass spectrometry in combination with theoretical(More)
Rigid p-octiphenyl rods were used to create helical tetrameric pi-stacks of blue, red-fluorescent naphthalene diimides that can span lipid bilayer membranes. In lipid vesicles containing quinone as electron acceptors and surrounded by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid as hole acceptors, transmembrane proton gradients arose through quinone reduction upon(More)
The transport of ions and molecules across lipid bilayer membranes connects cells and cellular compartments with their environment. This biological process is central to a host of functions including signal transduction in neurons and the olfactory and gustatory sensing systems, the translocation of biosynthetic intermediates and products, and the uptake of(More)
The excited-state dynamics of biotin-spacer-Lucifer-Yellow (LY) constructs bound to avidin (Avi) and streptavidin (Sav) was investigated using femtosecond spectroscopy. Two different locations in the proteins, identified by molecular dynamics simulations of Sav, namely the entrance of the binding pocket and the protein surface, were probed by varying the(More)
In biology and chemistry, the transport of anions across lipid bilayer membranes is usually achieved by sophisticated supramolecular architectures. Significant size reduction of transporters is hampered by the intrinsically hydrophilic nature of typical anion-binding functionalities, hydrogen-bond donors or cations. To maximize the atom efficiency of anion(More)
In biology, beta-barrels, cylindrically rolled-up forms of beta-sheets, are ubiquitous structural motifs within various binding proteins, pores, and enzymes. This biological multifunctionality suggested that synthetic artificial beta-barrels would provide access to many different functions beyond the limitations of peptide chemistry. Unlike the relative(More)
This feature article reviews research of core-substituted naphthalenediimides (cNDIs) in a comprehensive yet easily readable manner. Their synthesis, electrochemistry and spectroscopy are covered first with emphasis on the ability of cNDIs with electron donating substituents to absorb and fluoresce in all colors without global structural changes and cNDIs(More)
Chiral framework: Chiral amines with pyrrolidine frameworks catalyze the enantioselective conjugate addition of a wide range of aldehydes to various vinyl sulfones and vinyl phosphonates in high yields and with enantioselectivities up to >99 % ee (see scheme). The high versatility of the Michael adducts is exemplified by various functionalizations with(More)