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Rigid p-octiphenyl rods were used to create helical tetrameric pi-stacks of blue, red-fluorescent naphthalene diimides that can span lipid bilayer membranes. In lipid vesicles containing quinone as electron acceptors and surrounded by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid as hole acceptors, transmembrane proton gradients arose through quinone reduction upon(More)
In this study, we describe synthesis, characterization, and zipper assembly of yellow p-oligophenyl naphthalenediimide (POP-NDI) donor-acceptor hybrids. Moreover, we disclose, for the first time, results from the functional comparison of zipper and layer-by-layer (LBL) assembly as well as quartz crystal microbalance (QCM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), and(More)
Studies on synthetic multifunctional pores with external and internal active sites for ligand gating and noncompetitive blockage are presented, with emphasis on the contribution of external ligands to the characteristics of pore. A comparison between different synthetic multifunctional pores reveals that the location of functional groups in rigid-rod(More)
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