Jiraporn Tocharus

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Methamphetamine (METH), the most commonly abused drug, has long been known to induce neurotoxicity. METH causes oxidative stress and inflammation, as well as the overproduction of both reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS). The role of METH-induced brain inflammation remains unclear. Imbroglio activation contributes to the(More)
The expression of mouse HtrA1 is developmentally regulated and restricted in embryo tissues which depend largely on TGF-beta signaling for their differentiation. We examined whether mouse HtrA3, another HtrA family member very close to HtrA1, shows similar expression patterns. HtrA3 and -1 were expressed mostly in the same embryonic organs but exhibited(More)
Melatonin, a neurohormone secreted mainly by the pineal gland, has a variety of physiological functions and neuroprotective effects. Previous studies have shown that melatonin could stimulate the proliferation of neural stem/progenitor cells (NS/PCs). Recent studies reported that the activities of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) of neural stem cells(More)
Sericin-derived oligopeptides obtained from silk cocoons were investigated for the in vivo hypotensive effect and investigated for the underlying mechanism involved in vasodilation in isolated rat thoracic aorta. In normotensive anesthetized rats, oligopeptides induced an immediate and transient hypotensive activity. In rat aortic rings, oligopeptides(More)
Levels of HtrA1 protein in cartilage have been reported to elevate in joints of human osteoarthritis patients. To understand roles of HtrA1 in normal osteogenesis as well as in pathogenesis of arthritis, we examine HtrA1 expression pattern during bone and cartilage development and in articular cartilage affected by experimental arthritis. HtrA1 is not(More)
Agomelatine is an agonist of the melatonergic MT1/MT2 receptors and an antagonist of the serotonergic 5-HT receptors. Its actions mimic melatonin in antioxidative and anti-inflammation. However, the protective mechanism of agomelatine in ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury has not been investigated. In this study, cerebral I/R injury rats were induced by(More)
AIM To investigate the ability of hexahydrocurcumin (HHC) to enhance 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in inhibiting the growth of HT-29 cells by focusing on cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression. METHODS Antiproliferative effects of HHC and 5-FU, alone and in combination, on growth of HT-29 human colon cancer cells were assessed using 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT)(More)
Melatonin is a neurohormone and has high potent of antioxidant that is widely reported to be active against methamphetamine (METH)-induced toxicity to neuron, glial cells, and brain endothelial cells. However, the role of melatonin on the inflammatory responses which are mostly caused by blood-brain barrier (BBB) impairment by METH administration has not(More)
The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published in 〈BRES, 1646 (2016) 182-192〉, 10.1016/j.brainres.2016.05.049. The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at http://www.elsevier.com/locate/withdrawalpolicy.
The chemically modified analogs, the demethylated analogs 4–6, the tetrahydro analogs 7–9 and the hexahydro analogs 10–12, of curcumin (1), demethoxycurcumin (2) and bisdemethoxycurcumin (3) were evaluated for their inhibitory activity on lipopolysaccharide activated nitric oxide (NO) production in HAPI microglial cells. Di-O-demethylcurcumin (5) and(More)