Jirí Pokorný

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Morphological and electrophysiological techniques were used to examine granule cells and their mossy fiber axons in nine surgically resected hippocampal specimens from temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients. Timm histochemistry showed mossy fiber sprouting into the inner molecular layer (IML) of the dentate in a subset of tissue samples. In slices from five(More)
The rat dentate gyrus was examined with the Golgi method. Cell counts were performed in Nissl-stained serial sections. The number of granule cells was 635,000 +/- 33,000. The number of basket cells in the granular layer was 3600 +/- 570. In whole dentate gyrus, the average ratio between granule and basket cells was 160-220:1. The ratio was higher in the(More)
The present experiments were designed to investigate the effects of maternal stress on cognitive and endocrine parameters in the adult offspring. Pregnant rats were stressed daily during the last week of pregnancy (days 15-19) by restraint, and the performance of their offspring in the Morris water maze was recorded. Plasma corticosterone levels after(More)
Hippocampal pyramidal neurons (area CA1) in rats, 5, 10, 15, 24, 48 and 90 days old were studied by means of the Golgi-Cox impregnation. Using a video-computer microscope the development of dendritic arborisation was analysed and descriptive as well as quantitative data were obtained. During the suckling period (5 and 10 days) the basal dendrites, the main(More)
Vibrations in microtubules and actin filaments are analysed using amethod similar to that employed for description of lattice vibrationsin solid state physics. The derived dispersion relations show thatvibrations in microtubules can have optical and acoustical branches.The highest frequency of vibrations in microtubules and in actinfilaments is of the order(More)
Microtubules are electrically polar structures fulfilling prerequisites for generation of oscillatory electric field in the kHz to GHz region. Energy supply for excitation of elasto-electrical vibrations in microtubules may be provided from GTP-hydrolysis; motor protein-microtubule interactions; and energy efflux from mitochondria. We calculated electric(More)
Serotonin receptors have been found in several reproductive organs as well as in the central nervous system. Serotonin-binding sites have been demonstrated in duck ovarian follicles and the testis, hamster ovaries, human granulosa cells and mouse placenta. Local production of serotonin by the rat ovary, oviduct, uterus and testis has also been reported. We(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral ischemia induces a massive release of norepinephrine associated with neuronal death in the brain. It has been demonstrated that alpha2-adrenoceptor agonists decrease the release and turnover of noradrenaline, and this might prove advantageous in counteracting the neurodegeneration in ischemic brain. Therefore, in the present study, the(More)
Mechanism of organization and order in biological systems is not satisfactorily explained yet. Biophysical theories predicted that coherent endogenous electric field of high frequency can play a significant role in organization. The polarity of vibration structures, spectral energy transfer caused by nonlinearities, and energy supply can lead to energy(More)
Microtubules, which are thought to be the primary organizers of the cytoskeleton, are electrical polar structures with extraordinary elastic deformability at low stress and with energy supply from hydrolysis of guanosine triphosphate (GTP) to guanosine diphosphate (GDP). At least a part of the energy supplied from hydrolysis can excite vibrations. Energy is(More)