Learn More
Both pro- and antioncogenic properties have been attributed to EphA2 kinase. We report that a possible cause for this apparent paradox is diametrically opposite roles of EphA2 in regulating cell migration and invasion. While activation of EphA2 with its ligand ephrin-A1 inhibited chemotactic migration of glioma and prostate cancer cells, EphA2(More)
Obesity and stress inhibit insulin action by activating protein kinases that enhance serine phosphorylation of IRS1 and have been thus associated to insulin resistance and the development of type II diabetes. The protein kinase C (PKC) is activated by free-fatty acids, and its activity is higher in muscle from obese diabetic patients. However, a molecular(More)
Neuregulin-1 (NRG1), a regulator of neural development, has been shown to regulate neurotransmission at excitatory synapses. Although ErbB4, a key NRG1 receptor, is expressed in glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD)-positive neurons, little is known about its role in GABAergic transmission. We show that ErbB4 is localized at GABAergic terminals of the(More)
To have an overview of the role of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes among Chinese high-risk breast cancer patients, we analyzed 489 such high-risk breast cancer patients from four breast disease clinical centers in China, by using PCR-DHPLC or SSCP-DNA sequencing analysis. Allelotype analysis was done at five short tandem repeat (STR) markers in or adjacent to BRCA1(More)
PALB2 has been recently identified as breast cancer susceptibility gene in western populations. To investigate the contribution of PALB2 mutations to Chinese non-BRCA1/BRCA2 hereditary breast cancer, we screened all coding exons and intron-exon boundaries of PALB2 in 360 Chinese women with early-onset breast cancer or affected relatives from five breast(More)
PURPOSE Activating mutations within the tyrosine kinase domain of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are found in approximately 10% to 20% of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and are associated with response to EGFR inhibitors. The most common NSCLC-associated EGFR mutations are deletions in exon 19 and L858R mutation in exon 21, together(More)
Insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) plays an important role in the insulin signaling cascade. In vitro and in vivo studies from many investigators have suggested that lowering of IRS-1 cellular levels may be a mechanism of disordered insulin action (so-called insulin resistance). We previously reported that the protein levels of IRS-1 were selectively(More)
Twenty-five to thirty percent of patients with node-negative breast cancer are expected to relapse following surgery, therefore great efforts have been made to identify new prognostic markers that could be useful in defining patients for additional therapy. The expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 has been associated with high potential of metastasis in several(More)
The essentially infinite expansion potential and pluripotency of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) makes them attractive for cell-based therapeutics. In contrast to mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs), hESCs normally undergo high rates of spontaneous apoptosis and differentiation, making them difficult to maintain in culture. Here we demonstrate that p53(More)
Crk-associated substrate (CAS) is a tyrosine kinase substrate implicated in integrin control of cell behavior. Phosphorylation, by Src family kinases, of multiple tyrosine residues in the CAS substrate domain (SD) is a major integrin signaling event that promotes cell motility. In this study, novel phosphospecific antibodies directed against CAS SD(More)