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A modified anoxic/oxic-membrane bioreactor has been applied to the denitrification of a high strength nitrate waste (about 3600 mg/L nitrate-N) generated from an initiating explosive factory. Nitrate removal efficiency and nitrite accumulation in the treated water were investigated under various conditions set by several factors including the type of carbon(More)
Alkaline residue (AR) was found to be an efficient adsorbent for phosphate removal from wastewater. The kinetic and equilibrium of phosphate removal were investigated to evaluate the performance of modified alkaline residue. After treatment by NaOH (AR-NaOH), removal performance was significantly improved, while removal performance was almost completely(More)
A picric acid-degrading bacterium, strain NJUST16, was isolated from a soil contaminated by picric acid and identified as a member of Rhodococcus sp. based on 16S rRNA sequence. The degradation assays suggested that the strain NJUST16 could utilize picric acid as the sole source of carbon, nitrogen and energy. The isolate grew optimally at 30 degrees C and(More)
Coupling of a bioelectrochemical system (BES) into the upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) was developed for enhanced p-nitrophenol (PNP) removal in this study. Compared to the control UASB reactor, both PNP removal and the formation of its final reductive product p-aminophenol (PAP) were notably improved in the UASB-BES system. With the increase of(More)
Diffusion in electrochemistry is a critical issue for water purification. Electrocatalytic reactor system in improving water quality is a useful way to induce convection to enhance diffusion. This study focuses on the preparation and the characterization of Ti/SnO2-Sb tubular porous electrode for degrading pyridine wastewater. The electrode as an anode in(More)
Performances of microbial fuel cells (MFCs) were studied at 5–10 and 25–30 °C. Results showed stable operation of the MFCs at low temperatures with only slight reductions of voltage and power generation (11 versus 14 % for double-chamber MFC, while 14 versus 21 % for single-chamber MFC, 1,000 Ω) compared to those at mesophilic temperatures. MFCs operated at(More)
Aerobic granules were successfully cultivated in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR), using a single bacterial strain Rhizobium sp. NJUST18 as the inoculum. NJUST18 presented as both a good pyridine degrader and an efficient autoaggregator. Stable granules with diameter of 0.5-1 mm, sludge volume index of 25.6 ± 3.6 mL g(-1) and settling velocity of 37.2 ± 2.7(More)
We have demonstrated a facile and controllable synthesis of monodispersed N-doped hollow mesoporous carbon nanospheres (N-HMCSs) and yolk-shell hollow mesoporous carbon nanospheres (N-YSHMCSs) by a modified "silica-assisted" route. The synthesis process can be carried out by using resorcinol-formaldehyde resin as a carbon precursor, melamine as a nitrogen(More)
A novel N-doped MOF-based hierarchical carbon fiber (NPCF) towards supercapacitors was prepared by the pyrolysis of MOF nanofibers. Due to its unique 1D hollow structures, the NPCF exhibits better energy storage capacity than the other previously reported MOF-derived carbon materials.
Yolk-shell nanoparticles (YSNs) with active metal cores have shown promising applications in nanoreactors with excellent catalytic performance. In this work, Fe(0)@SiO2 YSNs were synthesized by a sequential "two-solvents" impregnation-reduction approach. Specifically, FeSO4 aqueous solution was introduced into the preformed hollow mesoporous silica spheres(More)