Learn More
In many cases cancer is caused by gene deficiency that is being passed along from generation to generation. Soluble carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have shown promising applications in the diagnosis and therapy of cancer, however, the potential relationship between cancer-prone individuals and response to CNT exposure as a prerequisite for development of(More)
Xiaolian Sun,* Xinglu Huang, Xuefeng Yan, Yu Wang, Jinxia Guo, Orit Jacobson, Dingbin Liu, Lawrence P. Szajek, Wenlei Zhu, ) Gang Niu, Dale O. Kiesewetter, Shouheng Sun, ) and Xiaoyuan Chen* Laboratory of Molecular Imaging and Nanomedicine (LOMIN), National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda,(More)
RGD peptide-based radiotracers are well established as integrin αvβ3 imaging probes to evaluate tumor angiogenesis or tissue remodeling after ischemia or infarction. In order to optimize the labeling process and pharmacokinetics of the imaging probes, we synthesized three dimeric RGD peptides with or without PEGylation and performed in vivo screening.(More)
UNLABELLED A single dynamic PET acquisition using multiple tracers administered closely in time could provide valuable complementary information about a tumor's status under quasiconstant conditions. This study aimed to investigate the utility of dual-tracer dynamic PET imaging with (18)F-alfatide II ((18)F-AlF-NOTA-E[PEG4-c(RGDfk)]2) and (18)F-FDG for(More)
CXCR4 is overexpressed on tumor cells from many types of human cancers. A high level of CXCR4 expression often correlates with poor prognosis, chemotherapy resistance, and metastasis. The development of CXCR4-specific radiotracers for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging will allow in vivo evaluation of receptor expression level for diagnosis or(More)
INTRODUCTION The GLP-1 receptor plays an important role in glucose homeostasis and thus is a very important target for diabetes therapy. The receptor is also overexpressed in insulinoma, a tumor of pancreatic beta-cells. We previously evaluated two fluorine-18-labeled analogs of exendin-4 prepared by conjugation with [(18)F]FBEM(More)
UNLABELLED The purpose of this study was to develop a novel in vivo albumin-labeling method to allow PET of cardiac function after myocardial infarction and vascular leakage and increased permeability in inflammatory diseases and malignant tumors. METHODS To label albumin in vivo, we synthesized a NOTA (1,4,7-triazacyclononane-N,N',N″-triacetic(More)
Arylboronates capture aqueous (18)F-fluoride in one step to afford a highly polar (18)F-labeled aryltrifluoroborate anion ((18)F-ArBF(3) (-)) that clears rapidly in vivo. To date however, there is little data to show that a ligand labeled with a prosthetic (18)F-ArBF(3) (-) will provide functional images. RGD, a high-affinity ligand for integrins that are(More)
The emergence of photoluminescent carbon-based nanomaterials has shown exciting potential in the development of benign nanoprobes. However, the in vivo kinetic behaviors of these particles that are necessary for clinical translation are poorly understood to date. In this study, fluorescent carbon dots (C-dots) were synthesized and the effect of three(More)
Construction of self-illuminating semiconducting nanocrystals, also called quantum dots (QDs), has attracted much attention recently due to their potential as highly sensitive optical probes for biological imaging applications. Here we prepared a self-illuminating QD system by doping positron-emitting radionuclide Cu into CdSe/ZnS core/shell QDs via a(More)