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Insect oviposition on plants frequently precedes herbivory. Accumulating evidence indicates that plants recognize insect oviposition and elicit direct or indirect defenses to reduce the pressure of future herbivory. Most of the oviposition-triggered plant defenses described thus far remove eggs or keep them away from the host plant or their desirable(More)
The frequency and character of Southern California's Santa Ana wind events are investigated within a 12-km-resolution downscaling of late-20 th and mid-21 st century time periods of the National Center for Atmospheric Research Community Climate System Model global climate change scenario run. The number of Santa Ana days per winter season is approximately(More)
A new type of biosensor is proposed that combines the recognition properties of "intelligent" hydrogels with the sensitivity and reliability of microfabricated pressure transducers. In the proposed device, analyte-induced changes in the osmotic swelling pressure of an environmentally responsive hydrogel are measured by confining it within a small(More)
The migration of enhancements in NO 2 concentration, outgoing longwave radiation (OLR), and radiative effects associated with the onset of the North American Monsoon in July 2005 has been investigated using satellite data and the Regional chEmical trAnsport Model (REAM). The satellite data include the tropospheric NO 2 columns, tropospheric O 3 profiles,(More)
Despite many advantages of employing entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) as biocontrol agents against soil-dwelling insect pests, their use is still limited to home gardening or small-scale farming. Lack of cost-effective, durable formulations, as well as appropriate application methods have so far prevented the use of EPN in large-scale farming. A recent(More)
Through the past 60 years, forests, now of various age classes, have been established in the southern part of the Korean Peninsula through nationwide efforts to reestablish forests since the Korean War (1950-53), during which more than 65% of the nation's forest was destroyed. Careful evaluation of long-term changes in vegetation growth after reforestation(More)