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Cucurbitacins are triterpenoids that confer a bitter taste in cucurbits such as cucumber, melon, watermelon, squash, and pumpkin. These compounds discourage most pests on the plant and have also been shown to have antitumor properties. With genomics and biochemistry, we identified nine cucumber genes in the pathway for biosynthesis of cucurbitacin C and(More)
Chromatographic separation of a crude extract obtained from a fermentation broth of a chemically unknown bacterium Shewanella piezotolerans WP3 collected in deep-sea yielded three new indole alkaloids namely shewanellines A (1a), B (1b) and C (2), together with 12 known indole alkaloids. The structures were unambiguously elucidated on the basis of 1D and 2D(More)
Fermentation of the marine-derived fungus Trichoderma asperellum, collected from the sediment of the Antarctic Penguin Island, resulted in the isolation of six new peptaibols named asperelines A-F (1-6), which are characterized by an acetylated N-terminus and a C-terminus containing an uncommon prolinol residue. Structures were determined by extensive 1D(More)
Thirty-eight short peptaibols in a microheterogeneous mixture derived from the fermentation broth of a marine-derived fungus Trichoderma asperellum were determined using ultrahigh pressure liquid chromatography in combination with electrospray-ionization tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-ESIMS/MS) techniques, including thirty-two new peptaibols namely(More)
Grape seed procyanidin B2 (GSPB2) was reported to have protective effects on diabetic nephropathy (DN) as a strong antioxidant. Our previous studies demonstrated that GSPB2 was effective in ameliorating podocyte injury in rats with DN. However, little is known about the benefits of GSPB2 in protecting against podocyte apoptosis and its molecular mechanisms(More)
Five new phenoxazine-based alkaloids venezuelines A-E (1-5) and two new aminophenols venezuelines F-G (6-7), as well as three known analogues exfoliazone, chandrananimycin D and carboxyexfoliazone were isolated from the fermentation broth of the marine-derived bacterium Streptomyces venezuelae. The structures of new compounds were determined on the basis of(More)
Neonectrolide A (1), an oxaphenalenone spiroketal with the previously undescribed (5,8'-dimethyl-5'-oxo-3a',4,5,5'-tetrahydro-3H,3'H-spiro[furan-2,2'-isochromeno[3,4,5-def]chromene]-3'-yl)but-3-enoic acid skeleton, was isolated from cultures of the fungus Neonectria sp. Its absolute configuration was assigned by electronic circular dichroism (ECD)(More)
The biosynthesis of diazobenzofluorene kinamycins requires a hitherto uncharacterized B-ring contraction. Via detailed genetic and enzymatic analyses we unambiguously characterized the conserved pairs of oxidases, AlpJ and AlpK homologs, as nature's machinery for benzofluorenone formation, which paves the way for the investigation of the following diazo(More)
Four new cyclic tetradecapeptides, verrucamides A-D (1-4), have been isolated from the solid-substrate fermentation culture of the ascomycete fungus Myrothecium verrucaria. The structures of these compounds, each featuring six N-methylated amino acid residues, were elucidated primarily by NMR and MS methods. The absolute configurations of 1-4 were assigned(More)
Seven new mono- and bis-furanones, pezizolides A-G (1-7), have been isolated from the crude extract of the endolichenic fungus Peziza sp. inhabiting the lichen Xanthoparmelia sp. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated mainly by NMR and MS methods. The absolute configuration of 1-4 was assigned by the application of CD exciton chirality method,(More)