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Most previously reported RNA-cleaving DNAzymes require only a single divalent metal ion for catalysis. We recently reported a general trivalent lanthanide-dependent DNAzyme named Ce13d. This work shows that Ce13d requires both Na(+) and a trivalent lanthanide (e.g. Ce(3+)), simultaneously. This discovery is facilitated by the sequence similarity between(More)
Sodium is one of the most abundant metals in the environment and in biology, playing critical ecological and physiological roles. Na(+) is also the most common buffer salt for nucleic acids research, while its specific interaction with DNA has yet to be fully studied. Herein, we probe a highly selective and robust Na(+) aptamer using 2-aminopurine (2AP), a(More)
Shenfu Injection (SFI) is a well-defined Chinese herbal formulation that is obtained from red ginseng and processed aconite root. The main active constituents in SFI are ginsenosides and aconitum alkaloids. In this work, ginsenosides (ginsenoside Rg1, ginsenoside Rb1 and ginsenoside Rc) and aconitum alkaloids (benzoylmesaconine and fuziline) were used as(More)
DNAzymes are catalytically active DNA molecules that are obtained via in vitro selection. RNA-cleaving DNAzymes have attracted significant attention for both therapeutic and diagnostic applications due to their excellent programmability, stability, and activity. They can be designed to cleave a specific mRNA to down-regulate gene expression. At the same(More)
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