Jinshui Chen

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Helical chiral 2-aminopyridinium ions were designed as a significantly more acidic (active) dual hydrogen-bonding catalyst than commonly used (thio)urea-based systems. The helicene framework was specifically utilized to position an inherently chiral barrier on the hydrogen-bonding side of the catalyst. The catalyst reactivity and enantioselectivity were(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate in a comprehensive biomechanical study the influences of fixed C1-C2 and different C1-C2 angles on the range of motion (ROM) and the intradiscal pressure (IDP) of subaxial cervical spine. METHODS We simulated three-dimensional cervical motions on 8 human specimens with C1-C2 fixed in 3 different angles (neutral position, neutral(More)
OBJECTIVE T1- and T2-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRI) can reveal lumbar redundant nerve roots (RNRs), a result of chronic compression and nerve elongation associated with pathogenesis of cauda equina claudication (CEC) in degenerative lumbar canal stenosis (DLCS). The study investigated effects of lumbar lordosis angle and range of motion on(More)
BACKGROUND Loss of axial rotation and lateral bending after atlantoaxial fusion reduces a patient's quality of life. Therefore, effective, nonfusion fixation alternatives are needed for atlantoaxial instability. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the initial stability and function of posterior atlantoaxial restricted nonfusion fixation (PAARNF), a new protocol, using(More)
—An objective wavelength selection method is proposed for near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy mainly to overcome the possible subjectivity introduced by moving window partial least squares regression (MWPLS). This improved procedure (iMWPLS) introduced an indicator to evaluate importance of each wavelength and then all wavelengths were ranked by these(More)
OBJECTIVE To introduce a fixation device composed of C1-2 transarticular (TA) screws and C1 hooks and explore its indication and clinical outcome for os odontoideum with atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD). METHODS From January 2004 to December 2008, 12 patients with os odontoideum (5 men and 7 women, average age 37.7 years [range 14-62 years]) were treated in(More)
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