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Chronic pain can lead to anxiety and anxiety can enhance the sensation of pain. Unfortunately, little is known about the synaptic mechanisms that mediate these re-enforcing interactions. Here we characterized two forms of long-term potentiation (LTP) in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC); a presynaptic form (pre-LTP) that requires kainate receptors and a(More)
Retroperitoneal laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy offers an intrinsic advantage over conventional transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy because of the potentially lower risk for early and late donor intraperitoneal complications. Herein we presented our experience performing retroperitoneal laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy in 105 donors. All donor(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY To report a pre-suture technique in laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery (LNSS), which could help reduce and even avoid ischaemia for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between January and June 2013 we treated 14 patients presenting with renal tumours. The mean age was 46 years and average tumour size was 2.4 cm(More)
We present a case report of a patient with Sjögren's syndrome accompanied with interstitial cystitis. A 64-year-old woman complained of dry mouth for 21 years, recurrent swelling and pain on the right parotid in 2000, and urinary irritation symptoms in the past 2 years. Several courses of different types of antibiotics could not relieve her urinary(More)
OBJECTIVE To summarize our experience with extraperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RLRP). METHODS Twenty patients with confirmed prostate cancer by transrectal needle biopsy but no metastasis detected by radiographic examination underwent extraperitoneal RLRP, including 7 with Gleason score of less than 6, 10 with a score of 7,(More)
Between October 1977 and December 2004, 2,037 kidney transplants were performed in 1,804 patients with ESRD at the Peoples Liberation Army General Hospital Postgraduate Medical School. Overall graft survival rates at one, 5, 10, 15, and 20 years were 91.6%, 79.3%, 64.3%, 53.8%, and 47.6%, respectively. The number of transplants significantly increased(More)
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