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We have shown that cytokine-like 1 (Cytl1) is a novel autocrine regulatory factor that regulates chondrogenesis of mouse mesenchymal cells (Kim, J. S., Ryoo, Z. Y., and Chun, J. S. (2007) J. Biol. Chem. 282, 29359-29367). In this previous work, we found that Cytl1 expression was very low in mesenchymal cells, increased dramatically during chondrogenesis,(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA), primarily characterized by cartilage degeneration, is caused by an imbalance between anabolic and catabolic factors. Here, we investigated the role of zinc (Zn2+) homeostasis, Zn2+ transporters, and Zn(2+)-dependent transcription factors in OA pathogenesis. Among Zn2+ transporters, the Zn2+ importer ZIP8 was specifically upregulated in(More)
OBJECTIVE Hypoxia-inducible factor 2α (HIF-2α) (encoded by Epas1) causes osteoarthritic (OA) cartilage destruction by regulating the expression of catabolic factor genes. We undertook this study to explore the role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in HIF-2α-mediated OA cartilage destruction in mice. METHODS The expression of HIF-2α, IL-6, and catabolic factors was(More)
The monoclonal antibody AE-2, raised against the human erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase (AChE) dimer (acetylcholine acetylhydrolase, EC 3.1.1.7), binds to other mammalian AChEs, including the tetramer that occurs in fetal bovine serum (FBS). AE-2 partially inhibited the rate of hydrolysis of the charged substrate acetylthiocholine by FBS AChE, whereas it(More)
Chondrocytes, a unique cell type in cartilage tissue, are responsible for the regulation of anabolic and catabolic homeostasis in cartilage-specific extracellular matrix synthesis. Activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling induces dedifferentiation of articular chondrocytes, resulting in suppression of type II collagen expression. We have shown previously that(More)
OBJECTIVE The basic leucine zipper transcription factor, ATF-like (BATF), a member of the Activator protein-1 family, promotes transcriptional activation or repression, depending on the interacting partners (JUN-B or C-JUN). Here, we investigated whether the BATF/JUN complex exerts regulatory effects on catabolic and anabolic gene expression in chondrocytes(More)
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