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Atmospheric CO(2) is an important environmental cue that regulates several types of animal behavior. In mice, CO(2) responses of the olfactory sensory neurons (OSNs) require the activity of carbonic anhydrase to catalyze the conversion of CO(2) to bicarbonate and the opening of cGMP-sensitive ion channels. However, it remains unknown how the enhancement of(More)
Little is known about how water stress including drought and flooding modifies the ability of plants to resist simultaneous attack by insect feeding and transmission of insect-vectored pathogen. We analyzed insect population growth, feeding behaviors, virus transmission, and plant amino acid profiles and defense gene expression to characterize mechanisms(More)
In the infrared diagnosis of power equipment, the thermal imagery collected from the transmission joint can be affected by several external interferences, which lead to bad contrast and mixed with various types of noise. This phenomena is not conducive to make fault diagnosis accurately, therefore the denoising and enhancement in thr thermal imagery are(More)
The plant sulfate transporter proteins play important roles in transport and absorption of sulfate. It has been demonstrated that the members of this family in plants may be classified into 5 main groups. In the present study, we found the statistical evidence of shifted evolutionary rate between groups that contributed to functional divergence of this(More)
Soybean vein necrosis virus (SVNV) is an emerging Tospovirus that is now considered to be the most widespread soybean virus in the United States. SVNV is transmitted from plant-to-plant by soybean thrips, Neohydatothrips variabilis (Beach). We hypothesized that a positive interaction between the host plant, SVNV, and the vector may have resulted in the(More)
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