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Puma encodes a BH3-only protein that is induced by the p53 tumor suppressor and other apoptotic stimuli. To assess its physiological role in apoptosis, we generated Puma knockout mice by gene targeting. Here we report that Puma is essential for hematopoietic cell death triggered by ionizing radiation (IR), deregulated c-Myc expression, and cytokine(More)
Previous studies suggest native cardiac IKr channels are composed of alpha subunits encoded solely by the 1a transcript of the ERG1 gene. Using isoform-specific ERG1 antibodies, we have new evidence that subunits encoded by an alternate transcript, ERG1b, are also expressed in rat, canine, and human heart. The ERG1a and -1b subunits associate in vivo where(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) act at the posttranscriptional level to control gene expression in virtually every biological process, including oncogenesis. Here, we report the identification of a set of miRNAs that are differentially regulated in childhood adrenocortical tumors (ACT), including miR-99a and miR-100. Functional analysis of these miRNAs in ACT cell lines(More)
The availability of GPS signals is a major concern for many existing and potential applications. Fortunately, with the development of Galileo by the European Commission (EC) and European Space Agency (ESA) and new funding for the restoration of the Russian GLONASS announced by the Russian Federation (Revnivykh et al., 2005) the future for satellite based(More)
Expressiveness and matching efficiency are two key design goals of publish/subscribe systems. In this paper, we introduce the Semantic Web technologies into the publish/subscribe system and propose an ontology-based publish/subscribe (OPS) system. The system can make use of the semantic of events to match events with subscriptions, and can support events(More)
Caenorhabditis elegans SKN-1 (ortholog of mammalian Nrf1/2/3) is critical for oxidative stress resistance and promotes longevity under reduced insulin/IGF-1-like signaling (IIS), dietary restriction (DR), and normal conditions. SKN-1 inducibly activates genes involved in detoxification, protein homeostasis, and other functions in response to stress. Here we(More)
Abnormalities in repolarization of the cardiac ventricular action potential can lead to life-threatening arrhythmias associated with long QT syndrome. The repolarization process depends upon the gating properties of potassium channels encoded by the human ether-à-go-go-related gene (HERG), especially those governing the rate of recovery from inactivation(More)
Oxidative damage caused by reactive oxygen species (ROS) is implicated in many diseases and in aging. Removal of ROS by antioxidant enzymes plays an important part in limiting this damage. For instance, peroxiredoxins (Prx) are conserved, abundant, thioredoxin peroxidase enzymes that function as tumor suppressors. In addition to detoxifying peroxides,(More)
Cardiac I Kr is a critical repolarizing current in the heart and a target for inherited and acquired long-QT syndrome (LQTS). Biochemical and functional studies have demonstrated that I Kr channels are heteromers composed of both hERG 1a and 1b subunits, yet our current understanding of I Kr functional properties derives primarily from studies of(More)
The central task of GPS/INS integration is to effectively blend GPS and INS data together to generate an optimal solution. The present data fusion algorithms, which are mostly based on Kalman filtering (KF), have several limitations. One of those limitations is the stringent requirement on precise a priori knowledge of the system models and noise(More)