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We aimed to test if stimulation of both adenosine A2A and A2B receptors is required to produce an effective cardioprotection against reperfusion injury. Isolated rat hearts were subjected to 30-min regional ischemia followed by 2 h of reperfusion. The adenosine A1/A2 receptor agonist 5'-(N-ethylcarboxamido) adenosine (NECA) given at reperfusion reduced(More)
The aim of this study was to test whether morphine prevents the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening through Zn(2+) and glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK-3beta). Fluorescence dyes including Newport Green Dichlorofluorescein (DCF), 4-amino-5-methylamino-2',7'-difluorofluorescein (DAF-FM), and tetramethylrhodamine ethyl ester (TMRE)(More)
Exogenous zinc protects cardiac cells from reperfusion injury by targeting mitochondrial permeability transition pore through inactivation of glycogen synthase kinase-3␤.—The purpose of this study was to determine whether exogenous zinc prevents cardiac reperfusion injury by targeting the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) via glycogen(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether exogenous zinc prevents cardiac reperfusion injury by targeting the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) via glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta). The treatment of cardiac H9c2 cells with ZnCl2 (10 microM) in the presence of zinc ionophore pyrithione for 20 min significantly enhanced(More)
Resveratrol pretreatment can protect the heart by inducing pharmacological preconditioning. Whether resveratrol protects the heart when applied at reperfusion remains unknown. We examined the effect of resveratrol on myocardial infarct size when given at reperfusion and investigated the mechanism underlying the effect. Isolated rat hearts were subjected to(More)
AIMS The purpose of this study was to determine if ethanol prevents the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening via glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK-3beta). METHODS Cardiac H9c2 cells were exposed to ethanol (10-1000 microM) for 20 min. GSK-3beta activity was determined by measuring its phosphorylation at Ser(9). Mitochondrial(More)
BACKGROUND While postconditioning has been proposed to protect the heart by targeting the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP), the detailed mechanism underlying this action is unknown. The authors hypothesized that postconditioning stimulates opioid receptors, which in turn protect the heart from reperfusion injury by targeting the mPTP. (More)
Exogenous zinc can protect cardiac cells from reperfusion injury, but the exact roles of endogenous zinc in the pathogenesis of reperfusion injury and in adenosine A(2) receptor activation-induced cardioprotection against reperfusion injury remain unknown. Adenosine A(1)/A(2) receptor agonist 5'-(N-ethylcarboxamido) adenosine (NECA) given at reperfusion(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to determine if NO prevents mitochondrial oxidant damage by mobilizing intracellular free zinc (Zn(2+)). METHODS Zn(2+) levels were determined by imaging enzymatically isolated adult rat cardiomyocytes loaded with Newport Green DCF. Mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsi(m)) was assessed by imaging cardiomyocytes loaded with(More)
Although Akt is reported to play a role in morphine’s cardioprotection, little is known about the mechanism underlying morphine-induced Akt activation. This study aimed to define the molecular mechanism underlying morphine-induced Akt activation and to determine if the mechanism contributes to the protective effect of morphine on ischemia/reperfusion(More)