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MicroRNAs (miRs) play important roles in initiation and progression of many pathologic processes. However, the roles of miRs in diabetic nephropathy remain unclear. This study was to determine whether miR-21 was involved in diabetic nephropathy and to explore the relationship between miR-21 and MMP9/TIMP1 expression in diabetic nephropathy. In situ(More)
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) with diabetic nephropathy (DN). Smad7 (a inhibitory smad), a downstream signaling molecules of TGF-β1, represses the EMT. The physiological function of miR-21 is closely linked to EMT and RIF. However, it remained unclear whether miR-21 over-expression(More)
Advances in genetic transformation techniques have made important contributions to molecular genetics. Various molecular tools and strategies have been developed for functional genomic analysis of filamentous fungi since the first DNA transformation was successfully achieved in Neurospora crassa in 1973. Increasing amounts of genomic data regarding(More)
To better exploit the biocontrol potential of nematophagous fungi, it is important to fully understand the molecular background of the infection process. In this paper, several nematode-trapping fungi were surveyed for nematocidal activity. From the culture filtrate of Monacrosporium microscaphoides, a neutral serine protease (designated Mlx) was purified(More)
Lecanicillium psalliotae produced an extracellular protease (Ver112) which was purified to apparent homogeneity giving a single band on SDS-PAGE with a molecular mass of 32 kDa. The optimum activity of Ver112 was at pH 10 and 70 degrees C (over 5 min). The purified protease degraded a broad range of substrates including casein, gelatin, and nematode cuticle(More)
Several bacterial species are capable of using nicotine, the main alkaloid in tobacco plants, as a substrate for growth. The dominant species include members of two genera, Pseudomonas and Arthrobacter. The degradation pathway and genetic structure of nicotine catabolism in Arthrobacter nicotinovorans were recently reviewed (Brandsch Appl Microbiol(More)
As a group of important natural enemies of nematode pests, nematophagous bacteria exhibit diverse modes of action: these include parasitizing; producing toxins, antibiotics, or enzymes; competing for nutrients; inducing systemic resistance of plants; and promoting plant health. They act synergistically on nematodes through the direct suppression of(More)
Brevibacillus laterosporus is an aerobic spore-forming bacterium with the ability to produce canoe-shaped lamellar parasporal inclusions adjacent to spores. An isolate named G4 was identified as a B. laterosporus which does not produce parasporal crystals and shows significant toxic activity toward nematodes. Crude extracellular protein extract from culture(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most important diabetic microangiopathies. The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in DN. The physiological role of microRNA-21 (miR-21) was closely linked to EMT. However, it remained elusive whether tongxinluo (TXL) ameliorated renal structure and function by regulating miR-21-induced(More)
Brevibacillus laterosporus G4, which was isolated from soil sample, kills free-living nematodes (Panagrellus redivius) and plant-parasite nematodes (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus) and degrades their cuticle in previous bioassay. Our works for B. laterosporus G4 had demonstrated that an extracellular alkaline protease BLG4 played a key role as a pathogenic(More)