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Phospholipase Cε (PLCε) is a multifunctional enzyme implicated in cardiovascular, pancreatic, and inflammatory functions. Here we show that conditional deletion of PLCε in mouse cardiac myocytes protects from stress-induced pathological hypertrophy. PLCε small interfering RNA (siRNA) in ventricular myocytes decreases endothelin-1 (ET-1)-dependent elevation(More)
Of the 30 distinct complement proteins recognized to date, C3 is probably the most versatile and multifunctional molecule known, interacting with at least 20 different proteins. It plays a critical role in both pathways of complement activation and participates in phagocytic and immunoregulatory processes. Structural and functional analysis of C3 from(More)
BACKGROUND The G-protein-coupled receptor kinase interacting protein-1 (GIT1) is a multidomain scaffold protein that participates in many cellular functions including receptor internalization, focal adhesion remodeling, and signaling by both G-protein-coupled receptors and tyrosine kinase receptors. However, there have been no in vivo studies of GIT1(More)
OBJECTIVE Podosomes, which are actin-rich structures, contribute to cell motility, matrix remodeling, and tissue remodeling. We have shown that G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2-interacting protein 1 (GIT1) colocalizes with podosomes and is important in podosome formation in endothelial cells. Src stimulates GIT1 tyrosine phosphorylation, which is(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation is a hallmark of many serious human diseases. Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is an important human pathogen causing respiratory tract infections in both adults and children. NTHi infections are characterized by inflammation, which is mainly mediated by nuclear transcription factor-kappa B (NF-κB)-dependent production of(More)
Growth hormone-releasing peptides (GHRP) and ghrelin are synthetic and natural ligands of growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR) respectively and are shown to exert protective actions on cardiac dysfunction. Because ghrelin has been reported to inhibit proinflammatory responses in human endothelium and GHSR has been identified in blood vessels, we(More)
Abnormal growth of cardiac fibroblasts is critically involved in the pathophysiology of cardiac hypertrophy/remodeling. Hexarelin is a synthetic growth hormone secretagogue (GHS), which possesses a variety of cardiovascular protective activities mediated via the GHS receptor (GHSR), including improving cardiac dysfunction and remodeling. The cellular and(More)
OBJECTIVE We and others showed that tyrosine kinase receptors (TKRs) such as the epidermal growth factor receptor stimulate G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) kinase-interacting protein 1 (GIT1) phosphorylation via c-Src, which is required for phospholipase C-gamma (PLCgamma) activation, indicating that GIT1 participates in TKR signaling. VEGF is the most(More)
OBJECTIVE The receptor tyrosine kinase Axl and its ligand Gas6 are involved in the development of renal diabetic disease. In vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) Axl is activated by reactive oxygen species and stimulates migration and cell survival, suggesting a role for Axl in the vascular complications of diabetes. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated(More)