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BACKGROUND Human leukocyte antigen DP (HLA-DP) locus has been reported to be associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in populations of Japan and Thailand. We aimed to examine whether the association can be replicated in Han Chinese populations. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Two HLA-DP variants rs2395309 and rs9277535 (the most strongly(More)
BACKGROUND It is known that the contribution of risk alleles to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may vary between populations. Further, previous studies involving various ethnic groups have revealed associations between COPD and genetic polymorphisms in families with sequence similarity 13, member A (FAM13A), micro-RNA 2054 (MIR2054), SET domain(More)
A study of knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) among rural migrants was conducted in Shanghai, China. An anonymous questionnaire was administered face-to-face. Among 2,690 participants, 78% reported having had lifetime sexual intercourse with 41.3% of singles reporting sexual intercourse, 9.2% having had(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF) β(1) plays a critical role in liver fibrosis. Previous studies demonstrated embryonic liver fodrin (ELF), a β-spectrin was involved in TGF-β/Smad signalling pathway as Smad3/4 adaptor. Here we investigate the role of ELF in pathogenesis of liver cirrhosis. In carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced mice model of liver(More)
Host genetics play a vital role in determining clinical outcomes of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. To identify novel susceptibility loci to HBV progression, we carried out a genome-wide association study with DNA pooling. This study assessed the relationship between 8 highly-ranked SNPs selected from our DNA pool and disease progression of HBV infection(More)
A study with two cross-sectional surveys in two consecutive years was conducted in Shanghai, China to examine the seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), syphilis and HIV among female sex workers (FSW). A total of 793 FSW participated in the survey, 382 in 2008 only, 382 in 2009 only, and 29 in both 2008 and 2009. The majority of them were(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Li population in Hainan province, People's Republic of China. METHODS Li people above 40 years of age from Hainan were chosen by stratified random cluster sampling between 2012 and 2014. All participants were interviewed with a home-visiting questionnaire, and(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms in regulation of telomere elongation helicase 1 (RTEL1), which has been associated with telomere length in several brain cancers and age-related diseases, and the risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a Chinese Han population. METHODS In a case-control(More)
BACKGROUND The frequencies of Cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) genotypes were various between populations. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequencies of the major variants of the CYP2C9 in Chinese Li minority populations. METHODS The promoter, exons and surrounding introns, and 3'-untranslated region of the CYP2C9 gene was detected by DNA(More)
OBJECTIVES The present study aimed to screen members of the Li nationality in southern China for genotype frequencies of VIP variants and to determine differences between the Li ethnicity and global human population samples in HapMap. METHODS In this study, we genotyped 77 very important pharmacogenetic (VIP) variants selected from the pharmacogenomics(More)