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BACKGROUND The Early Lung Cancer Action Project (ELCAP) is designed to evaluate baseline and annual repeat screening by low-radiation-dose computed tomography (low-dose CT) in people at high risk of lung cancer. We report the baseline experience. METHODS ELCAP has enrolled 1000 symptom-free volunteers, aged 60 years or older, with at least 10 pack-years(More)
Plasma high density lipoproteins (HDL) are a negative risk factor for atherosclerosis. Increased HDL is sometimes clustered in families, but a genetic basis has never been clearly documented. The plasma cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) catalyses the transfer of cholesteryl ester from HDL to other lipoproteins and therefore might influence HDL(More)
PURPOSE The Early Lung Cancer Action Project (ELCAP) is designed to evaluate baseline and annual repeat screening by low radiation dose computed tomography (low-dose CT) in persons at high-risk for lung cancer. METHODS Since starting in 1993, the ELCAP has enrolled 1,000 asymptomatic persons, 60 years of age or older, with at least 10 pack-years (1 pack(More)
The net transfer of core lipids between lipoproteins is facilitated by cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP). We have recently documented CETP deficiency in a family with hyperalphalipoproteinemia, due to a CETP gene splicing defect. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the plasma lipoproteins within the low density lipoprotein (LDL)(More)
Plasma lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) plays an important role in early steps of reverse cholesterol transport, i.e., cholesterol efflux from peripheral tissues and cholesterol esterification in HDL. However, structural and functional relationships of LCAT have not been fully elucidated. We described a missense mutation of Gly 30-to-Ser in a(More)
This study was conducted to elucidate the pathologic conditions of cerebral circulatory disorders in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). Among 44 possible iNPH patients, 40 patients underwent shunt surgery based on diagnostic flow charts plotted by the Southern Tohoku method and were evaluated to be shunt-effective at the end of the first(More)
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