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Self-folding microscale origami patterns are demonstrated in polymer films with control over mountain/valley assignments and fold angles using trilayers of photo-crosslinkable copolymers with a temperature-sensitive hydrogel as the middle layer. The characteristic size scale of the folds W = 30 μm and figure of merit A/ W (2) ≈ 5000, demonstrated here(More)
Hybrid spherical and wormlike amphiphilic block copolymer micelles are formed through evaporation-induced interfacial instabilities of emulsion droplets, allowing the incorporation of pre-synthesized hydrophobic inorganic nanoparticles within the micelle cores, as well as co-encapsulation of different nanoparticles. This encapsulation behavior is largely(More)
Double emulsions are valuable for the formation of multi-compartmental structures. A variety of pathways to prepare double emulsions have been developed, but high-throughput routes to droplets of controlled size and architecture remain scarce. A new single-step process is introduced for preparation of water-in-oil-in-water double emulsions by a previously(More)
A hydrogel-dielectric-elastomer system, polyacrylamide and poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS), is adapted for extrusion printing for integrated device fabrication. A lithium-chloride-containing hydrogel printing ink is developed and printed onto treated PDMS with no visible signs of delamination and geometrically scaling resistance under moderate uniaxial(More)
Shape programmable materials capable of morphing from a flat sheet into controlled three dimensional (3D) shapes offer promise in diverse areas including soft robotics, tunable optics, and bio-engineering. We describe a simple method of 'grayscale gel lithography' that relies on a digital micromirror array device (DMD) to control the dose of ultraviolet(More)
We describe bending by liquid/liquid or liquid/air interfaces as a simple and broadly applicable technique for measuring the elastic modulus of thin elastic sheets. The balance between bending and surface energies allows for the characterization of a wide range of materials with moduli ranging from kilopascals to gigapascals in both vapor and liquid(More)
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