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Using next-generation sequencing technology alone, we have successfully generated and assembled a draft sequence of the giant panda genome. The assembled contigs (2.25 gigabases (Gb)) cover approximately 94% of the whole genome, and the remaining gaps (0.05 Gb) seem to contain carnivore-specific repeats and tandem repeats. Comparisons with the dog and human(More)
—In the paper, an extension of LaSalle's Invariance Principle to a class of switched linear systems is studied. One of the motivations is the consensus problem in multi-agent systems. Unlike most existing results in which each switching mode in the system needs to be asymptotically stable, this paper allows that the switching modes are only Lyapunov stable.(More)
BACKGROUND The regular mammalian X and Y chromosomes diverged from each other at least 166 to 148 million years ago, leaving few traces of their early evolution, including degeneration of the Y chromosome and evolution of dosage compensation. RESULTS We studied the intriguing case of black muntjac, in which a recent X-autosome fusion and a subsequent(More)
OBJECTIVE Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a highly malignant brain tumor with a poor prognosis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs, approximately 21-25 nucleotides in length. Recently, some researchers have demonstrated that plasma miRNAs are sensitive and specific biomarkers of various cancers. The primary aim of the study is to(More)
MiR-221 and miR-222 (miR-221/222), upregulated in gliomas, can regulate glioma cell cycle progression and apoptosis, respectively. However, the association of miR-221/222 with glioma cell invasion and survival remains unknown. Invasion capability of miR-221/222 was detected by mutiple analyses, including diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), transwell, wound(More)
Protocatechuic acid (PA), a major metabolite of anthocyanins, has been reported to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. However, the effects of PA on LPS-induced inflammatory responses in microglia have not been reported. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects and molecular mechanisms of PA on LPS-stimulated(More)
The relationship between the apolipoprotein E (ApoE) ε4 genotype and an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been well established in Caucasians but is less established among other ethnicities. ApoE ε4 has also been associated with several other neurological disorders. Whether ApoΕ4 ε4 is a risk factor for frontotemporal dementia (FTD)(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Total homocysteine (tHcy) levels are associated with secondary vascular events and mortality after stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate whether tHcy levels in the acute phase of a stroke contribute to the recurrence of cerebro-cardiovascular events and mortality. METHODS A total of 3799 patients were recruited after(More)
— In this paper, we study the consensus problem of multi-agent systems in which each agent adopts the same linear model that can be of any order. We consider the case where only the relative output error between the neighboring agents can be measured. In order to solve the consensus problem, two kinds of decentralized control laws are designed. We first(More)