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Translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) is a universal DNA damage tolerance mechanism conserved from yeast to mammals. A key event in the regulation of TLS is the monoubiquitination of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Extensive evidence indicates that the RAD6-RAD18 ubiquitin-conjugating/ligase complex specifically monoubiquitinates PCNA and regulates TLS(More)
The Bloom syndrome gene product, BLM, is a member of the highly conserved RecQ family. An emerging concept is the BLM helicase collaborates with the homologous recombination (HR) machinery to help avoid undesirable HR events and to achieve a high degree of fidelity during the HR reaction. However, exactly how such coordination occurs in vivo is poorly(More)
BACKGROUND Repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) by homologous recombination requires 5'-3' resection of the DSB ends. In vertebrates, DSB resection is initiated by the collaborative action of CtIP and the MRE11-RAD50-NBS1 (MRN) complex. However, how this process occurs within the context of chromatin is still not well understood. RESULTS Here we(More)
BACKGROUND Tumor-specific antigens (TSAs) are potential sources of cancer vaccines, some of which are derived from T-cell epitopes of over-expressed mutant proteins to elicit immunogenicity and overcome tolerance and evasion. The lack of effective vaccines for many cancers has prompted strong interest in improved TSA search methods. Recent progresses in(More)
The underlying molecular pathogenesis of osteosarcoma remains poorly understood. The transcription factor MEF2D promotes the survival of various types of cells and functions as an oncogene in liver cancer. However, its potential contribution to osteosarcoma has not been explored. In this study, we investigated MEF2D expression and function in osteosarcoma,(More)
OBJECTIVES Herniated discs and degenerative disc disease are major health problems worldwide. However, their pathogenesis remains obscure. This study aimed to explore the molecular mechanisms of these ailments and to identify underlying therapeutic targets. MATERIAL AND METHODS Using the GSE23130 microarray datasets downloaded from the Gene Expression(More)
BACKGROUND WNK kinase is a serine/threonine kinase that plays an important role in normal blood pressure homeostasis. WNK3 was previously found to enhance the activity of sodium chloride cotransporter (NCC) in Xenopus oocyte. However, the mechanism through which it works remains unclear. METHODS Using overexpression and siRNA knock-down techniques, the(More)
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