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Mechanized dry seeded rice can save both labour and water resources. Rice seedling establishment is sensitive to sowing depth while mesocotyl elongation facilitates the emergence of deeply sown seeds. A set of 270 rice accessions, including 170 from the mini-core collection of Chinese rice germplasm (C Collection) and 100 varieties used in a breeding(More)
—Near-capacity performance of turbo codes is generally achieved with a large number of decoding iterations. Various iteration stopping rules introduced in the literature often induce performance loss. This paper proposes a novel partial decoding iteration scheme using a bit-level convergence test. We first establish decoding optimality of windowed partial(More)
—Based on an analysis on the recursive computation of the iterative maximum a posteriori (MAP) algorithm for turbo decoding, this paper considers a modified MAP scheme with reduced block lengths for symbols with unreliable detection after some initial iterations. Applying symbol selection based on cross-entropy measurement for parallel concatenated(More)
Waxy maize (Zea mays L. var. certaina Kulesh), with many excellent characters in terms of starch composition and economic value, has grown in China for a long history and its production has increased dramatically in recent decades. However, the evolution and origin of waxy maize still remains unclear. We studied the genetic diversity of Chinese waxy maize(More)
Airway inflammation is mainly mediated by T helper 2 cells (Th2) that characteristically produce interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13. Epidemiological studies have revealed an inverse association between the dietary intake of vitamin A and the occurrence of asthma. Serum vitamin A concentrations are significantly lower in asthmatic subjects than in healthy(More)
—We consider bit interleaved coded modulation (BICM) receiver performance improvement based on the concept of generalized mutual information (GMI). Increasing achievable rates of BICM receiver with GMI maximization by proper scaling of the log likelihood ratio (LLR) is investigated. While it has been shown in the literature that look-up table based LLR(More)
—Cross-entropy based symbol selection and partial iterative decoding for serial concatenated convolutional codes (SCCC) is developed in this paper. We first apply symbol classification in terms of detection convergence status to all coded bits of the outer code. After that, computations are focused on symbols that have not reached convergence, by applying(More)