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Nephrotic syndrome, a malfunction of the kidney glomerular filter, leads to proteinuria, edema and, in steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome, end-stage kidney disease. Using positional cloning, we identified mutations in the phospholipase C epsilon gene (PLCE1) as causing early-onset nephrotic syndrome with end-stage kidney disease. Kidney histology of(More)
OBJECTIVES Mutations in each of the NPHS1, NPHS2, WT1, and LAMB2 genes have been implicated in nephrotic syndrome, manifesting in the first year of life. The relative frequency of causative mutations in these genes in children with nephrotic syndrome manifesting in the first year of life is unknown. Therefore, we analyzed all 4 of the genes jointly in a(More)
Mutations in the gene encoding podocin (NPHS2) cause autosomal recessive steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). For addressing the possibility of a genotype-phenotype correlation between podocin mutations and age of onset, a worldwide cohort of 430 patients from 404 different families with SRNS were screened by direct sequencing. Recessive podocin(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Diffuse mesangial sclerosis (DMS) is a histologically distinct variant of nephrotic syndrome (NS) that is characterized by early onset and by progression to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Besides syndromic DMS, isolated (non-syndromic) DMS (IDMS) has been described. The etiology and pathogenesis of DMS is not understood. We(More)
In African American (AA) children, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is the leading cause of nephrotic syndrome (NS). It has been shown that AA children suffer from FSGS and steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) at a higher frequency and with a more severe renal outcome in comparison with Caucasian children. Previous mutation analysis of large(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS) is de- fined as nephrotic syndrome that manifests at birth or within the first 3 months of life. Most patients develop end-stage renal disease (ESRD) within 2 to 3 years of life. CNS of the Finnish-type (CNF) features a rather specific renal histology and is caused by recessive mutations in the NPHS1 gene(More)
Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome is a common pediatric kidney disease, 80% of all cases are steroid sensitive (SSNS). A significant proportion of children with SSNS will have a frequently relapsing or steroid-dependent course (FRNS/SDNS) that is associated with significant treatment-related morbidity. Mutations in NPHS2 account for more than 28% of all cases(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Paravertebral blocks are becoming increasingly popular, especially as an anesthetic adjunct for breast procedures. New reports suggest additional reasons for adding this block to the anesthetic armamentarium. RECENT FINDINGS Recent studies demonstrate a benefit from preoperative placement of a paravertebral block, not only in reducing(More)
BACKGROUND The use of low-dose aspirin (LDA) has emerged as an important cause of gastrointestinal ulcers. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between LDA-induced gastric mucosal injury and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and cell apoptosis in elderly Chinese patients. METHODS A total of 136 patients aged(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Antimitochondrial antibody (AMA) is considered the serological hallmark of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), while data regarding the profile of AMA during ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) treatment are scarce. Here, we assessed the influence of UDCA treatment on titers of AMA and factors relevant to its production. METHODS Serum IgA-AMA,(More)
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