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Neddylation is a new type of protein post-translational modification which adds the ubiquitin-like molecule Nedd8 to target proteins. The well-identified targets of neddylation are cullins, which serve as essential components of Cullin-RING E3 ligases (CRL). It is reported that inhibition of neddylation repressed NF-κB-mediated proinflammatory cytokine(More)
Salvage radiotherapy (SRT) is the first-line treatment for prostate cancer patients with biochemical recurrence following radical prostatectomy, and new specific radiosensitizers are in urgent need to enhance SRT effect. MLN4924 (also known as Pevonedistat), a specific inhibitor of NEDD8-activating enzyme, has recently entered phase I/II clinical trials in(More)
BACKGROUND A number of oncoproteins and tumor suppressors are known to be neddylated, but whether the neddylation pathway is entirely activated in human cancer remains unexplored. METHODS NEDD8-activating enzyme (NAE) (E1) and NEDD8-conjugating enzyme (E2) expression and global-protein neddylation were examined by immunohistochemistry, immunoblotting, and(More)
BACKGROUND 4'-seleno-homonucleosides were synthesized as next-generation nucleosides, and their cellular phosphorylation was studied to confirm the hypothesis that bulky selenium atom can sterically hinder the approach of cellular nucleoside kinase to the 5'-OH for phosphorylation. RESULTS 4'-seleno-homonucleosides (n = 2), with one-carbon homologation,(More)
PURPOSE Targeting the protein neddylation pathway has become an attractive anticancer strategy; however, the role of death receptor-mediated extrinsic apoptosis during treatment remained to be determined. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The activation of extrinsic apoptosis and its role in MLN4924 treatment of human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) were(More)
On the basis of the potent antiviral activity of acyclovir and ganciclovir, selenoacyclovir (2a) and selenoganciclovir (2b) were designed based on bioisoteric rationale and synthesized via the diselenide 7 as the key intermediate. Compound 2a exhibited potent anti-HSV-1 and -2 activities while 2b exerted moderate anti-HCMV activity, indicating that these(More)
Writer's blocks: The first synthesis of RNA purine building blocks, 4'-selenoadenosine and 4'-selenoguanosine was achieved from D-ribose by regioisomeric rearrangement, which was confirmed by X-ray crystallography. 4'-Selenoadenosine exists in an unusual mixture of north and south conformers in the solid state.
A3 adenosine receptor (AR) ligands including A3 AR agonist, N6-(3-iodobenzyl)adenosine-5'-N-methyluronamide (1a, IB-MECA) were examined for adiponectin production in human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBM-MSCs). In this model, 1a significantly increased adiponectin production, which is associated with improved insulin sensitivity. However, A3 AR(More)
A series of acyclic selenopurine nucleosides 3a-f and 4a-g were synthesized based on the bioisosteric rationale between oxygen and selenium, and then evaluated for antiviral activity. Among the compounds tested, seleno-acyclovir (4a) exhibited the most potent anti-herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 (EC50 = 1.47 µM) and HSV-2 (EC50 = 6.34 µM) activities without(More)
Based on the potent anticancer activity of the D-arabino-configured cytosine nucleoside ara-C, novel 2'-substituted-4'-selenoarabinofuranosyl pyrimidines 3a-3u, comprising azido, fluoro, and hydroxyl substituents at C-2' were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for anticancer activity. The 2'-azido group was stereoselectively introduced by the Mitsunobu(More)