Jingzhu Wang

Learn More
INTRODUCTION It has been reported that adult smokers (AS) may be considering smokeless tobacco products as an alternative to smoking. The objective of this study was to evaluate the change in exposure in AS using Marlboro snus (MSNUS) (a tobacco pouch product in test market in June 2007). METHODS AS were randomized into the following groups--CS: subjects(More)
UNLABELLED There is limited information comparing biomarkers of exposure (BOE) to cigarette smoke in menthol (MS) and non-menthol cigarette smokers (NMS). OBJECTIVE To compare BOE to nicotine and carbon monoxide in MS and NMS. METHODS Cross-sectional, observational, ambulatory, multi-centre study in 3341 adult cigarette smokers. Nicotine equivalents(More)
Cigarette smoke is a complex aerosol that includes a gas vapor phase and a particulate phase. Inclusion of activated carbon in the cigarette filter can reduce some of the gas-phase smoke constituents implicated as toxicologically relevant. The present study evaluated exposure to selected gas-phase constituents when adult smokers switched to prototype(More)
Measurement of endothelial function using peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) has been reported to be significantly correlated with coronary blood flow. Repetitive PAT measurements were performed in 22 healthy male subjects at test intervals of 1 hour (5 times within a day) and 0.5 hours (7 times within a day) to evaluate the variability of the reactive(More)
Rationale. To date no state-of-the-art clinical study has been conducted to address the question as to whether switching to lower tar cigarettes reduces exposure to smoke constituents in humans. Methods. Randomized, controlled, forced switching study in 225 adult smokers of full flavor Marlboro (MFF) cigarettes for 8 days with a 24-week follow-up. Subjects(More)
PURPOSE Menthol in cigarettes has been suggested to inhibit metabolism of nicotine and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK). The objective of this study was to investigate the glucuronide metabolite ratios (MR) for nicotine (NICGLUC/NIC), cotinine (COTGLUC/COT), trans 3'-hydroxy cotinine (3OHCOTGLUC/3OHCOT).(More)
INTRODUCTION Few clinical studies involving cigarettes have provided a comprehensive picture of smoke exposure, test article characterization, and insights into sensory properties combined. The purpose of these pilot studies was to determine whether cigarettes with different levels of nicotine but similar tar levels would affect sensory experience or(More)
  • 1