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A red shift of the exciton of ZnO nanowires is efficiently produced by bending strain, as demonstrated by a low-temperature (81 K) cathodoluminescence (CL) study of ZnO nanowires bent into L- or S-shapes. The figure shows a nanowire (Fig. a) with the positions of CL measurements marked. The corresponding CL spectra-revealing a peak shift and broadening in(More)
N-doped ZnO nanowires are synthesized at a relatively low growth temperature of 500 degrees C by directly heating zinc powder using NH(3) as the dopant. The incorporation of N into the ZnO nanowires is experimentally confirmed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectra and photoluminescence measurements. By combining post annealing experiments after(More)
Single-crystalline, high-quality branched ZnTe-core/ZnO-branch nanoheterostructures were synthesized by an in situ strategy in an environmental scanning electron microscope. Composition and structure characterization confirmed that ZnO nanowires were perfectly epitaxially grown on ZnTe nanowires as branches. Noticeably, growth temperature plays a crucial(More)
We developed a novel approach to synthesize phosphorus (P)-doped ZnO nanowires by directly decomposing zinc phosphate powder. The samples were demonstrated to be P-doped ZnO nanowires by using scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction spectra, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, energy dispersive(More)
An ultrahigh field emission current density of 10.3 mA cm(-2) was obtained from nitrogen-implanted ZnO nanowires. The sample was characterized and clearly showed a nitrogen doping signal. Field emission properties of the ZnO nanowires were considerably improved after N-implantation with lower turn-on field and a much higher current density. Removal of an(More)
In this work, we proposed and realized a new prototype of planar field emission device based on as-grown individual carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on the surface of a Si-SiO2 substrate. The anode, cathode and the CNT tip all lie on the same surface, so the electron emission is reduced from three-dimensional to two-dimensional. The benefits of such a design include(More)
Organic nanowires/fibers have great potential in applications such as organic electronics and soft electronic techniques. Therefore investigation of their mechanical performance is of importance. The Young's modulus of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) nanofibers was analyzed by scanning probe microscopy (SPM) methods. Air plasma treatment was used to reduce the(More)
In this work, MgB(2) whiskers were fabricated on a copper substrate by using the hybrid physical-chemical vapor deposition, which was one of the most effective ways to make high quality pure MgB(2) films, with the possible growth mechanism discussed. The whiskers are hexagonal and conelike and grow along the [0001] direction with a single-crystal structure.(More)
In situ uniform growth of ZnO nanowires was realized and monitored at real time by heating zinc film in an environmental scanning electron microscope. Better controllability and repeatability were obtained by using zinc film as source material compared to traditionally used zinc powder. Morphology of the as-grown ZnO nanowires was found to depend on both(More)
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