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The enzyme phosphofructokinase-1 (PFK-1) catalyzes the first committed step of glycolysis and is regulated by a complex array of allosteric effectors that integrate glycolytic flux with cellular bioenergetics. Here, we demonstrate the direct, potent, and reversible inhibition of purified rabbit muscle PFK-1 by low micromolar concentrations of long chain(More)
Large-scale neuronal remodeling through apoptosis occurs shortly after birth in all known mammalian species. Apoptosis, in large part, depends upon critical interactions between mitochondrial membranes and cytochrome c. Herein, we examined the hypothesis that the large-scale reorganization of neuronal circuitry after birth is accompanied by profound(More)
Previously, we identified calcium-independent phospholipase A2gamma (iPLA2gamma) with multiple translation initiation sites and dual mitochondrial and peroxisomal localization motifs. To determine the role of iPLA2gamma in integrating lipid and energy metabolism, we generated transgenic mice containing the alpha-myosin heavy chain promoter (alphaMHC) placed(More)
Cellular lipids are composed of linear combinations of aliphatic chains covalently attached to backbones and/or head groups that collectively represent the cellular lipidome. Herein we present a novel two-dimensional electrospray ionization mass spectrometric approach to fingerprint most of the major and many of the minor lipid classes in the hepatic(More)
Recently, we have identified the dramatic depletion of cardiolipin (CL) in diabetic myocardium 6 weeks after streptozotocin (STZ) injection that was accompanied by increases in triacylglycerol content and multiple changes in polar lipid molecular species. However, after 6 weeks in the diabetic state, the predominant lipid hallmarks of diabetic(More)
The external electric field induces a separation of cations from negative electrolyte ions in the infusate while differential ionization of molecular species that possess differential electrical propensities can be induced in either the positive- or negative-ion mode during the electrospray ionization process. These physical and electrical processes that(More)
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is characterized by excessive utilization of fatty acid substrate, diminished glucose transport, and mitochondrial dysfunction. However, the chemical mechanisms linking altered substrate utilization to mitochondrial dysfunction are unknown. Herein, we use shotgun lipidomics and multidimensional mass spectrometry to identify dramatic(More)
The accumulation of fatty acids and their metabolites results in insulin resistance and reduced glucose utilization through a variety of complex mechanisms that remain incompletely understood. Herein, we demonstrate that submicromolar concentrations of palmitoyl-CoA inhibit glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH; EC enzyme activity(More)
Membrane-associated calcium-independent phospholipase A2gamma (iPLA2gamma) contains four potential in-frame methionine start sites (Mancuso, D.J. Jenkins, C.M. & Gross, R.W. (2000) J. Biol. Chem.275, 9937-9945), but the mechanisms regulating the types, amount and subcellular localization of iPLA2gamma in cells are incompletely understood. We now: (a)(More)
Cardiolipin is a prominent component of the mitochondrial inner membranes contributing to the regulation of multiple discrete mitochondrial functions. Here, we extend shotgun lipidomics to identify and quantitate cardiolipin molecular species directly from lipid extracts of biological samples. Three shotgun lipidomics approaches for analyses of cardiolipin(More)