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The high molecular weight glutenin subunit (HMW-GS) compositions of 66 Chinese endemic wheats were determined by sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Ten alleles at the Glu-1 loci were detected in 50 Tibetan weedrace wheat accessions which in combination resulted in seven different HMW-GS patterns. Four HMW-GS patterns were(More)
To study the inheritance and expression of multiple copies of transgenes from transgenic wheat lines, three crosses between transgenic wheat lines B72-8-11b and B102-1-2 and Chinese elite wheat varieties Chuan89-107 and Emai18 were carried out. Chuan89-107x72-8-11b, Chuan89-107x102-1-2 and Emai18x72-8-11b, and F(1) plants were selfed or backcrossed to(More)
A novel gene encoding an x-type high molecular weight glutenin subunit (HMW-GS), designated 1Dx1.1 t , was isolated from Aegilops tauschii. It is the largest HMW-GS gene reported so far in this species and its product has a slower mobility than that of subunit 1Ax1 in SDS-PAGE. The open reading frame (ORF) of the gene was 2,628 bp, encoding a protein of 874(More)
Pancreatic β-cells possess a highly active protein synthetic and export machinery in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to accommodate the massive production of proinsulin. ER homeostasis is vital for β-cell functions and is maintained by the delicate balance between protein synthesis, folding, export, and degradation. Disruption of ER homeostasis by(More)
Cytoglobin is a recently identified vertebrate globin whose functions include scavenging reactive oxygen and nitrosative species. In tumor cells, CYGB may function as a tumor suppressor gene. Here we show that knockdown of cytoglobin expression can sensitize human glioma cells to oxidative stress induced by chemical inhibitors of the electron transport(More)
The supernumerary spikelet character of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is an abnormal spike with extra spikelet per spike. Supernumerary spikelet line 51885 was derived from the cross between octoploid Triticale and common wheat Fei 5056. The number of spikelet is over 30, and supernumerary spikelet is genetically stable. The inheritance of(More)
Pancreatic beta cells have well-developed ER to accommodate for the massive production and secretion of insulin. ER homeostasis is vital for normal beta cell function. Perturbation of ER homeostasis contributes to beta cell dysfunction in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. To systematically identify the molecular machinery responsible for proinsulin(More)
Vanishing white matter disease (VWMD) is an inherited autosomal-recessive hypomyelinating disease caused by mutations in eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2B (eIF2B). eIF2B mutations predominantly affect the brain white matter, and the characteristic features of VWMD pathology include myelin loss and foamy oligodendrocytes. Activation of pancreatic(More)
  • Xiaohua Dai, Devi Thiagarajan, +13 authors Li Li
  • PloS one
  • 2017
Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) phenotypic modulation is characterized by the downregulation of SMC actin cytoskeleton proteins. Our published study shows that depletion of SM22α (aka SM22, Transgelin, an actin cytoskeleton binding protein) promotes inflammation in SMCs by activating NF-κB signal pathways both in cultured VSMCs and in response to(More)
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