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This paper describes an approach to the evolutionary modeling problem of ordinary differential equations including systems of ordinary differential equations and higher-order differential equations. Hybrid evolutionary modeling algorithms are presented to implement the automatic modeling of one- and multi-dimensional dynamic systems respectively. The main(More)
To overcome the drawbacks of most available methods for kinetic analysis, this paper proposes a hybrid evolutionary modeling algorithm called HEMA to build kinetic models of systems of ordinary di€erential equations (ODEs) automatically for complex systems of chemical reactions. The main idea of the algorithm is to embed a genetic algorithm (GA) into(More)
Ruthenium porphyrin functionalized single-walled carbon nanotube arrays have been prepared using coordination of the axial position of the metal ion onto 4-aminopyridine preassembled single-walled carbon nanotubes directly anchored to a silicon(100) surface (SWCNTs-Si). The formation of these ruthenium porphyrin functionalized single-walled carbon nanotube(More)
Knowledge about electrochemical and electrical properties of nanopore structures and the influence of pore dimensions on these properties is important for the development of nanopore biosensing devices. The aim of this study was to explore the influence of nanopore dimensions (diameter and length) on biosensing performance using non-faradic electrochemical(More)
A new approach for the attachment of vertically-aligned shortened carbon nanotube architectures to a silicon (100) substrate by chemical anchoring directly to the surface has been demonstrated for the first time. The ordered assembly of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) was accomplished by hydroxylating the silicon surface followed by a condensation(More)
A cheap, reliable and practical high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric method was developed for the simultaneous determination of seven anabolic steroids in eggs, including trenbolone, boldenone, nandrolone, stanozolol, methandienone, testosterone and methyl testosterone. The analytes were extracted from the egg samples using(More)
A hybrid evolutionary modeling algorithm (HEMA) is proposed to build the discharge lifetime models with multiple impact factors for battery systems as well as make predictions. The main idea of the HEMA is to embed a genetic algorithm (GA) into genetic programming (GP), where GP is employed to optimize the structure of a model, while a GA is employed to(More)
Electrochemical studies are reported on a series of peptides constrained into either a 310-helix (1-6) or β-strand (7-9) conformation, with variable numbers of electron rich alkene containing side chains. Peptides (1 and 2) and (7 and 8) are further constrained into these geometries with a suitable side chain tether introduced by ring closing metathesis(More)
Using the evolutionary modeling of system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) as the test problem, this paper primarily investigates the influences of some important parallel control parameters within parallel genetic programming (GP), including the degree of connectivity between demes, the migration rate, the migration generation interval, and the(More)
A smart and reversibly photoswitchable membrane based on an azobenzene photo-switch containing peptides attached inside the pores of nanoporous anodic alumina membranes (NAAMs) is presented. The transport of molecules of interest across the photoswitchable peptide (PSP) functionalized NAAMs can be effectively controlled and manipulated as a function of the(More)