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This paper describes an approach to the evolutionary modeling problem of ordinary differential equations including systems of ordinary differential equations and higher-order differential equations. Hybrid evolutionary modeling algorithms are presented to implement the automatic modeling of one-and multi-dimensional dynamic systems respectively. The main… (More)
To overcome the drawbacks of most available methods for kinetic analysis, this paper proposes a hybrid evolutionary modeling algorithm called HEMA to build kinetic models of systems of ordinary dierential equations (ODEs) automatically for complex systems of chemical reactions. The main idea of the algorithm is to embed a genetic algorithm (GA) into… (More)
Ruthenium porphyrin functionalized single-walled carbon nanotube arrays have been prepared using coordination of the axial position of the metal ion onto 4-aminopyridine preassembled single-walled carbon nanotubes directly anchored to a silicon(100) surface (SWCNTs-Si). The formation of these ruthenium porphyrin functionalized single-walled carbon nanotube… (More)
Knowledge about electrochemical and electrical properties of nanopore structures and the influence of pore dimensions on these properties is important for the development of nanopore biosensing devices. The aim of this study was to explore the influence of nanopore dimensions (diameter and length) on biosensing performance using non-faradic electrochemical… (More)
A new approach for the attachment of vertically-aligned shortened carbon nanotube architectures to a silicon (100) substrate by chemical anchoring directly to the surface has been demonstrated for the first time. The ordered assembly of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) was accomplished by hydroxylating the silicon surface followed by a condensation… (More)
A hybrid evolutionary modeling algorithm (HEMA) is proposed to build the discharge lifetime models with multiple impact factors for battery systems as well as make predictions. The main idea of the HEMA is to embed a genetic algorithm (GA) into genetic programming (GP), where GP is employed to optimize the structure of a model, while a GA is employed to… (More)
A cheap, reliable and practical high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric method was developed for the simultaneous determination of seven anabolic steroids in eggs, including trenbolone, boldenone, nandrolone, stanozolol, methandienone, testosterone and methyl testosterone. The analytes were extracted from the egg samples using… (More)
Two helical peptides, one constrained by a covalent side-chain staple, exhibit vastly different electronic properties despite adopting essentially the same backbone conformation. High level calculations confirm that these differences are due to the additional backbone rigidity imparted by the macrocyclic constraint.
The mechanism of electron transfer in α-aminoisobutyric (Aib) homoligomers is defined by the extent of secondary structure, rather than just chain length. Helical structures (Aib units ≥3) undergo an electron hopping mechanism, while shorter disordered sequences (Aib units <3) undergo an electron superexchange mechanism.
Nanoscale FeS 2 was synthesized via a simple hydrothermal method and was decorated by hydrothermal carbonization (FeS 2 @C). The structural properties of the synthesized materials detected by X-ray diffraction (XRD), together with the morphologies characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicated that… (More)