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Nickel compounds are a somewhat unique class of carcinogens. Previous studies have demonstrated that NiCl(2) exposure leads to marked induction of hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) in human osteosarcoma and BALB/c 3T3 cells, a transcription factor that has been considered to play an important role in tumor promotion and progression. However, the signal(More)
Transcription factor p53 and phosphatase PTEN are two tumor suppressors that play essential roles in suppression of carcinogenesis. However, the mechanisms by which p53 mediates anticancer activity and the relationship between p53 and PTEN are not well understood. In the present study, we found that pretreatment of mouse epidermal Cl41 cells with(More)
Skin is a major target of carcinogenic trivalent arsenic (arsenite, As3+). It has been thought that cell proliferation is one of the central events involved in the carcinogenic effect of arsenite. Cyclin D1, a nuclear protein playing a pivotal role in cell proliferation and cell cycle transition from G1 to S phases, has been reported to be induced in human(More)
Activation of the signaling pathways leading to gene expression regulation is critical in the carcinogenic effects of nickel exposure. In the present study, we found nickel exposure could induce cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression at transcriptional and protein levels in both human bronchoepithelial cells (Beas-2B) and murine embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs).(More)
The Rho GDP dissociation inhibitor (RhoGDI) can bind to small GTPases and keep them in a biologically inactive state in cytoplasm, through which it affects actin polymerization and cell motility. However, mechanisms underlying how RhoGDI regulates Rho GTPase complex formation/membrane extraction/GTPase dissociation remain largely unexplored. Our previous(More)
A new method for feature subset selection in machine learning, FSS-MGSA (Feature Subset Selection by Modified Gravitational Search Algorithm), is presented. FSS-MGSA is an evolutionary, stochastic search algorithm based on the law of gravity and mass interactions, and it can be executed when domain knowledge is not available. A wrapper approach, over(More)
Dietary freeze-dried black raspberries inhibit tumor induction by N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine in the rat esophagus, but the constituents responsible for this chemopreventive activity have not been identified. We fractionated freeze-dried black raspberries and used mouse epidermal JB6 Cl 41 cells stably transfected with either a nuclear factor kappa B(More)
5-Methylchrysene has been found to be a complete carcinogen in laboratory animals. However, the tumor promotion effects of (+/-)-anti-5-methylchrysene-1,2-diol-3,4-epoxide (5-MCDE) remain unclear. In the present work, we found that 5-MCDE induced marked activator protein-1 (AP-1) activation in Cl41 cells. 5-MCDE also induced a marked activation of(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) is a master transcription factor that is critical for the regulation of a variety of cellular functions. HIF-1alpha is rapidly degraded under normoxic conditions by ubiquitin-mediated proteasome pathway controlled by the tumor suppressor von Hippel Lindau (VHL). Several recent studies reveal that heat-shock(More)