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Nickel compounds are a somewhat unique class of carcinogens. S6k-independent pathway. This study should help us understand the signal transduction pathways involved in the carcinogenic effects of nickel compounds.
Berries have attracted attention for their chemopreventive activities in last a few years. Dietary freeze-dried blackberries have been shown to reduce esophagus and colon cancer development induced by chemical carcinogen in rodents. To elucidate molecular mechanisms involved in chemoprevention by berry extracts, we employed mouse epidermal Cl 41 cell line,(More)
Experimental and occupational exposure to methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) has been reported to induce neurotoxicological and neurobehavioral effects, such as headache, nausea, dizziness, and disorientation, etc. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in MTBE-induced neurotoxicity are still not well understood. In the present study, we investigated the(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term exposure of arsenite leads to human skin cancer. However, the exact mechanisms of arsenite-induced human skin carcinogenesis remain to be defined. OBJECTIVES In this study, we investigated the potential role of PI-3K/Akt/cyclin D1in the transformation of human keratinocytic cells upon arsenite exposure. METHODS We used the soft agar(More)
Environmental and occupational exposure to arsenite is associated with an increased risk of human cancers, including skin, urinary bladder, and respiratory tract cancers. Although much evidence suggests that alterations in cell cycle machinery are implicated in the carcinogenic effect of arsenite, the molecular mechanisms underlying the cell cycle(More)
NF-κB is a well-known transcription factor in regulation of multiple gene transcription and biological processes, and most of them are relied on its transcriptional activity of the p65/RelA subunit, while biological function of another ubiquitously expressed subunit NF-κB1 (p50) remains largely unknown due to lack transcriptional activation domain. Here we(More)
Essential role of ROS-mediated NFAT activation in TNF-␣ induction by crystalline silica exposure. Occupational exposure to crystalline silica has been associated with progressive pulmonary silicosis and lung cancer, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well understood. Previous studies have shown that crystalline silica exposure can generate(More)
5-Methylchrysene has been found to be a complete carcinogen in laboratory animals. However, the tumor promotion effects of (+/-)-anti-5-methylchrysene-1,2-diol-3,4-epoxide (5-MCDE) remain unclear. In the present work, we found that 5-MCDE induced marked activator protein-1 (AP-1) activation in Cl41 cells. 5-MCDE also induced a marked activation of(More)