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Freeze-dried black raspberries have been shown to inhibit the development of chemically induced esophageal and colon cancer in rodents. In addition, organic extracts of black raspberries inhibit benzo(a)pyrene (BaP)-induced cell transformation in vitro. The molecular mechanisms through which black raspberries inhibit carcinogenesis remain unclear. We(More)
Skin is a major target of carcinogenic trivalent arsenic (arsenite, As3+). It has been thought that cell proliferation is one of the central events involved in the carcinogenic effect of arsenite. Cyclin D1, a nuclear protein playing a pivotal role in cell proliferation and cell cycle transition from G1 to S phases, has been reported to be induced in human(More)
The Rho GDP dissociation inhibitor (RhoGDI) can bind to small GTPases and keep them in a biologically inactive state in cytoplasm, through which it affects actin polymerization and cell motility. However, mechanisms underlying how RhoGDI regulates Rho GTPase complex formation/membrane extraction/GTPase dissociation remain largely unexplored. Our previous(More)
X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) overexpression has been found to be associated with malignant cancer progression and aggression in individuals with many types of cancers. However, the molecular basis of XIAP in the regulation of cancer cell biological behavior remains largely unknown. In this study, we found that a deficiency of XIAP(More)
The transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) has been implicated in a large variety of biological processes including cell differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis and oncogenic transformation. It is thought that the 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced AP-1 activity is because of the activation of the PKC/MAPK/AP-1 pathway, although(More)
The chemopreventive properties of edible berries have been demonstrated both in vitro and in vivo, however, the specific molecular mechanisms underlying their anti-cancer effects are largely unknown. Our previous studies have shown that a methanol extract fraction of freeze-dried black raspberries inhibits benzoapyrene (BaP)-induced transformation of Syrian(More)
Berries have attracted attention for their chemopreventive activities in last a few years. Dietary freeze-dried blackberries have been shown to reduce esophagus and colon cancer development induced by chemical carcinogen in rodents. To elucidate molecular mechanisms involved in chemoprevention by berry extracts, we employed mouse epidermal Cl 41 cell line,(More)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their derivatives, such as benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), (+/-)-anti-benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide (B[a]PDE), and 5-methylchrysene-1,2-diol-3,4-epoxide (5-MCDE), are complete carcinogens. However, the tumor promotion effects of PAHs remain unclear. We therefore investigated the possible activation of activator(More)
Previous studies have shown that freeze-dried black raspberry extract fractions inhibit benzo(a)pyrene [B(a)P]-induced transformation of Syrian hamster embryo cells and benzo(a)pyrene diol-epoxide [B(a)PDE]-induced activator protein-1 (AP-1) activity in mouse epidermal Cl 41 cells. The phosphotidylinositol 3-kinase (PI-3K)/Akt pathway is critical for(More)
Mouse skin tumorigenicity studies indicate that benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-diol-9,10-epoxide (B[a]PDE) contributes to carcinogenesis as both a tumor initiator and promoter. However, the mechanisms that mediate B[a]PDE tumor promotion effects remain unclear. Our results demonstrated that in mouse epidermal Cl41 cells, B[a]PDE treatment resulted in marked activation(More)