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The ubiquitin-like protein NEDD8 is essential for activity of SCF-like ubiquitin ligase complexes. Here we identify and characterize NEDP1, a human NEDD8-specific protease. NEDP1 is highly conserved throughout evolution and equivalent proteins are present in yeast, plants, insects, and mammals. Bacterially expressed NEDP1 is capable of processing NEDD8 in(More)
Photolysis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) sorbed on surfaces of spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst.] needles under sunlight irradiation was investigated. PAHs were produced by combustion of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), wood, high-density polyethylene (HDPE), and styrene in a stove. The factors of sunlight irradiation on the surfaces of spruce needles(More)
The need to protect the database is growing especially in this age of e-commerce. Many conventional database security systems are bugged with holes that can be used by attackers to penetrate the database. No matter what degree of security is put in place, sensitive data in database are still vulnerable to attack. To avoid the risk posed by this threat,(More)
Apoptosis is regulated by specific intracellular signaling pathways. The development of cardiomyopathy involves the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes; however, the details of their apoptotic signaling are not yet known. Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF I) is an important survival growth factor for myocardium and other tissues, but the effects of IGF I on(More)
Age estimation plays an important role in forensic medicine and orthodontics. Dental maturity, expressed as dental age, is one of the common indices for age estimation. Demirjian's method, first described in 1973 and based on a large number of French-Canadian samples, is one of the most widely used methods for dental age assessment. The aim of this study is(More)
Attachment to, and migration of leukocytes into the vessel wall is an early event in atherogenesis. Expression of cell adhesion molecules by the arterial endothelium may play a major role in atherosclerosis. It has been suggested that antioxidants inhibit the expression of adhesion molecules and may thus attenuate the processes leading to atherosclerosis.(More)
Each recombination event mediated by the Flp recombinase is the sum of four strand breakage and reunion reactions executed in two steps of two-strand exchanges. The reaction requires four Flp monomers. The key catalytic residue in Flp is Tyr-343. Arg-191, His-305, and Arg-308 appear to facilitate the cleavage and exchange steps of recombination. These four(More)
The external prediction capability of quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models is often quantified using the predictive squared correlation coefficient, q (2). This index relates the predictive residual sum of squares, PRESS, to the activity sum of squares, SS, without postprocessing of the model output, the latter of which is(More)
BACKGROUND Hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (HO-PBDEs) may disrupt thyroid hormone status because of their structural similarity to thyroid hormone. However, the molecular mechanisms of interactions with thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) are not fully understood. OBJECTIVES We investigated the interactions between HO-PBDEs and TRbeta to identify(More)
To estimate the distribution and sources of soil polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in metropolitan and adjacent areas, soil samples were collected from urban, suburban and rural locations of Dalian, China, and concentrations of 14 PAHs were determined. The spatial PAH profiles were site-specific and determined by the sources close to the sampling(More)