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Lead acetate (300 mg/L) and/or cadmium chloride (50 mg/L) were administered as drinking water to Sprague–Dawley rats for 8 weeks to investigate the possible combined effects of these metals on the damage in renal cortex mitochondria. Increased malonaldehyde levels due to exposure to these metals were detected by colorimetric method, which demonstrated the(More)
The combined effects of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) on primary cultures of rat proximal tubular (rPT) cells were studied. These cells were either treated with Pb acetate (0.5 and 1 μM) alone, Cd acetate (2.5 and 5 μM) alone, or a combination of Pb and Cd acetate, and then joint cytotoxicity was evaluated. The results showed that the combination of these two(More)
Artemisinin (ART) is a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from Artemesia annua L., and well-known for the antimalarial treatment. Recently many reports show the effectiveness of ART in the control of poultry coccidiosis, but the mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we found that ART could effectively improve the pathological alterations in chicken ceca(More)
Achyranthes bidentata polysaccharide (ABPS) was sulfated using the chlorosulfonic acid-pyridine method. The UV-spectrum of sulfated ABPS (sABPS) was characterized with two different absorbance peaks at 196.3 and 262.8 nm. FT-IR spectrum of sABPS exhibited absorption bands at 1236.5 cm(-1) (asymmetrical S=O stretching vibration) and 822.8 cm(-1) (symmetrical(More)
Gametocyte proteins of Eimeria (E.) spp. are important components of the oocyst wall and some have been used to develop transmission-blocking vaccines against avian coccidiosis. Total RNA isolated from E. necatrix gametocytes was utilized as templates for RT-PCR amplification and sequencing of cDNA encoding a gametocyte protein using gene-specific primers.(More)
As an efficient parallel computing system based on MapReduce model, Hadoop is widely used for large-scale data analysis such as data mining, machine learning and scientific simulation. However, there are still some performance problems in MapReduce, especially the situation in the shuffle phase. In order to solve these problems, in this paper, a lightweight(More)
The anti-malarial drug artesunate (ARS) has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory activity. Its effect on autoimmune hepatitis remains unclear. Concanavalin A (Con A)-induced hepatitis was used in this study to reveal the potential action of ARS and the related mechanism. Mice were pretreated with ARS followed by Con A challenge. Con A caused obvious(More)
A preliminary study showed that the sporogony process of Eimeria tenella oocysts could be irreversibly inhibited by the S-nitrosothiols, such as S-nitroso-glutathione (GSNO), S-nitroso-N-acetyl-penicillamine. However, the mechanism is unclear at present. In this study the polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT)(More)
Digital Earth has the extraordinary ability of integrating multi-source, heterogeneous, multi-scale spatial and temporal information with three dimensional, dynamic and interactive features and provides abundant visualization methods of temporal analysis and statistics. A kind of novel applications were developed based on Three-dimensional Digital Earth(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the action of S-nitroso-glutathione (GSNO) on the sporogony and the mRNA expression for EtCRK2 (a cyclin-dependent kinase related protein-2 in Eimeria tenella) during oocyst sporulation. Meanwhile, the effects of GSNO on the sporozoite excystability and infectivity to chickens were also investigated. The results(More)
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