Jingshan Shi

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Neuroinflammation is closely associated with the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) and other neurological disorders. Increasing evidence suggests that inhibition of microglia-mediated neuroinflammation might represent a promising therapeutic potential for PD and related disorders. Fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, is commonly used(More)
The present study was undertaken to investigate the neuroprotective effects of resveratrol on 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced Parkinson's disease in rats. 6-OHDA-induced Parkinson's disease rat model involves chronic inflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and oxidative stress, and the loss of the dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra is the(More)
There is increasing evidence that impulse noise causes brain damage, but little is known about the mechanisms and extent of the response. Here, rat brains were investigated immunohistochemically for the expression of c-Fos, c-Myc, and beta-APP during the first 3 weeks postexposure to impulse noise of 198 or 202 dB. The expression of c-Fos and c-Myc(More)
The pharmacological actions of Uncaria alkaloids, rhynchophylline and isorhynchophylline extracted from Uncaria rhynchophylla Miq Jacks were reviewed. The alkaloids mainly act on cardiovascular system and central nervous system including the hypotension, brachycardia, antiarrhythmia, and protection of cerebral ischemia and sedation. The active mechanisms(More)
Studies have shown that oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) elicits both necrotic and apoptotic cell death and several mechanisms have been proposed. Ox-LDL induces reactive oxygen species (ROS), a second messenger that might be involved in apoptosis, formation in different types of cells including endothelial cells (ECs) and smooth muscle cells(More)
The polyphenolic compound resveratrol (3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene) is a naturally occurring phytochemical which has been found in more than 70 plant species, including herbs and human food products such as grapes, berries, and peanuts. Resveratrol was first isolated in 1940; however, little attention was paid to it until its benefits in coronary heart(More)
Neuropharmacology Section, Laboratory of Toxicology and Pharmacology (F.Z., H. Z., B. W., J. S. H., and H.-M. G.), National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences/ National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709; Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (F.Z., J.-S. S.), Shanghai 200071, China; Department of(More)
AbstractAim:To investigate the influence of resveratrol (Res), a nutritional antioxidant, on the inhibition of apoptosis in rat primary neuron cultures.Methods:The cultured cortical neurons of neonatal Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with Res (0.1, 1.0, and 10.0 μmol/L) and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion (OGD/RP) with oxygen and glucose were(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurological disorder characterized by a selective loss of dopamine (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra (SN). Although current therapy can control symptoms of this disorder, there is no effective therapy available to halt its progression. Recently, neuroinflammation has been recognized as an important contributor(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative condition characterized by chronic inflammation. Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) is a family of inducible transcription factors that are expressed in a wide variety of cells and tissues, including microglia, astrocytes, and neurons, and the classical NF-κB pathway plays a key role in the activation and regulation of(More)