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Isoniazid (INH) and rifampicin (RIF) are the two most effective drugs in tuberculosis therapy. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of resistance to these two drugs is essential to quickly diagnose multidrug-resistant (MDR) tuberculosis and extensive drug-resistant tuberculosis. Nine clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates resistant to only INH and(More)
In this study, 24 standard nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) species strains including 12 slowly growing mycobacteria strains and 12 rapidly growing mycobacteria strains were subjected to drug susceptibility testing using microplate Alamar Blue assay-based 7H9 broth. The most active antimicrobial agents against the 24 NTM strains were streptomycin,(More)
Iron is essential for organisms. It is mainly utilized in mitochondria for biosynthesis of iron-sulfur clusters, hemes and other cofactors. Mitoferrin 1 and mitoferrin 2, two homologues proteins belonging to the mitochondrial solute carrier family, are required for iron delivery into mitochondria. Mitoferrin 1 is highly expressed in developing erythrocytes(More)
Host immune pressure and associated immune evasion of pathogenic bacteria are key features of host-pathogen co-evolution. A previous study showed that human T-cell epitopes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis are evolutionarily hyperconserved and thus it was deduced that M. tuberculosis lacks antigenic variation and immune evasion. Here, we selected 173 clinical(More)
Mycobacterium septicum is a rapidly growing Mycobacterium (RGM) that rarely causes pulmonary disease globally. We describe a case of M. septicum pulmonary disease, which to our knowledge is the first reported in China. The isolates were identified as M. septicum and were susceptible in vitro to amikacin, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, levofloxacin, kanamycin,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the performance of three interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) kits in detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in China. METHODS A multicenter clinical trial was used to compare the effectiveness and application of the three kits. A total of 1026 participants were enrolled at three hospitals, including 597 tuberculosis (TB)(More)
Rifampicin (RIF) resistance is a risk factor for poor outcome in tuberculosis (TB). In Mycobacterium tuberculosis, both target gene mutation and efflux pumps have major roles in the resistance to anti-TB drugs. This study aimed to determine whether RIF induces efflux pump activation in RIF-monoresistant M. tuberculosis strains. Here, we took advantage of 16(More)
This paper presents a Ka band multi-beam phased array for communication satellite. Antenna element is carried out as a double circular polarization horn. Phased array working at 23 GHz of transmitting frequency and 26 GHz of receiving frequency is constructed with triangle grid arrangement. The transmitting part has 320 channels, while the receiving part(More)
Objectives. We studied the genetic diversity of clinical isolates from patients with tuberculosis in the multiethnic area of Xinjiang autonomous region in China. A total of 311 clinical M. tuberculosis isolates were collected in 2006 and 2011 and genotyped by two genotyping methods. All isolates were grouped into 68 distinct spoligotypes using the(More)