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Glioma is the most common type of primary malignant tumor in the central nervous system (CNS) with a high incidence and a high mortality rate, as well as an extremely low 5-year survival rate. As a class of small non-coding RNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs) may be closely involved in carcinogenesis and might also be connected with glioma diagnosis and prognosis. In(More)
OBJECTIVE During the development of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), the transformed epithelial cells undergo increased proliferation resulting in tumor growth and invasion. Interestingly, throughout all phases of differentiation and progression to OSCC, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF)-β1 induces cell cycle arrest or apoptosis; however, the role of(More)
The mammalian secondary palate forms from shelves of epithelia-covered mesenchyme that meet at midline and fuse. The midline epithelial seam (MES) is thought to degrade by apoptosis, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), or both. Failure to degrade the MES blocks fusion and causes cleft palate. It was previously thought that transforming growth factor(More)
BACKGROUND Loss of the alveolar ridge width and height following tooth extraction is well-documented, but models to evaluate ridge preservation are neither standardized nor cost-effective. This rat model characterizes the pattern of bone turnover and inflammation after extraction and bone grafting with or without local simvastatin (SIM). METHODS Fifty(More)
The periderm is a flat layer of epithelium created during embryonic development. During palatogenesis, the periderm forms a protective layer against premature adhesion of the oral epithelia, including the palate. However, the periderm must be removed in order for the medial edge epithelia (MEE) to properly adhere and form a palatal seam. Improper periderm(More)
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