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Age declines liver functions, leading to the development of age-associated diseases. A member of the sirtuins family, SIRT1, is involved in the control of glucose homeostasis and fat metabolism. Because aging livers have alterations in glucose and fat metabolism, we examined a possible role of SIRT1 in these alterations. We found that aged livers have a(More)
The development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a multiple step process. Here, we show that activation of cdk4 triggers the development of NAFLD. We found that cdk4 protein levels are elevated in mouse models of NAFLD and in patients with fatty livers. This increase leads to C/EBPα phosphorylation on Ser193 and formation of C/EBPα-p300(More)
Aging reduces the regenerative capacities of many tissues. In this paper, we show a critical role of the glycogen synthase kinase 3beta (GSK3beta)-cyclin D3 pathway in the loss of the regenerative capacity of the liver. In young animals, high levels of growth hormone (GH) increase expression of GSK3beta, which associates with cyclin D3 and triggers(More)
The loss of regenerative capacity of tissues is one of the major characteristics of aging. Liver represents a powerful system for investigations of mechanisms by which aging reduces regenerative capacity of tissues. The studies within last five years revealed critical role of epigenetic silencing in the inhibition of liver proliferation in old mice. These(More)
Molecular mechanisms underpinning nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are not well understood. The earliest step of NAFLD is hepatic steatosis, which is one of the main characteristics of aging liver. Here, we present a molecular scenario of age-related liver steatosis. We show that C/EBPα-S193D knockin mice have age-associated epigenetic changes and(More)
Cancer changes biological processes in the liver by altering gene expression at the levels of transcription, translation, and protein modification. The RNA binding protein CUGBP1 is a key regulator of translation of CCAAT enhancer binding protein β and histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1). These proteins form complexes that are involved in the regulation of liver(More)
CCAAT/Enhancer Binding Proteins family proteins are important regulators of liver functions. Here, we show the critical role of C/EBPα-mediated chromatin remodeling in the age-associated dysfunctions of the liver and in the maintenance of physiological homeostasis. Because ph-S193 isoform of C/EBPα is increased in livers of old mice, we have generated(More)
Despite significant advancements in our understanding of cancer development, the molecular mechanisms that underlie the formation of liver cancer remain largely unknown. C/EBPalpha is a transcription factor that regulates liver quiescence. Phosphorylation of C/EBPalpha at serine 193 (S193-ph) is upregulated in older mice and is thought to contribute to(More)
Epigenetic silencing of the cell cycle proteins is one of the major pathways of the inhibition of liver proliferation in old mice. We recently identified glycogen synthase 3beta, GSK3beta, as an enzyme which controls the epigenetic regulation of the liver proliferation via reduction of cyclin D3-cdk4. The elevation of cyclin D3 in livers of old mice leads(More)
The aged liver is more sensitive to the drug treatments and has a high probability of developing liver disorders such as fibrosis, cirrhosis, and cancer. Here we present mechanisms underlying age-associated severe liver injury and acceleration of liver proliferation after CCl4 treatments. We have examined liver response to CCl4 treatments using old WT mice(More)