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Microglial activation has been reported to play an important role in neurodegenerative diseases by producing pro-inflammatory cytokines. Bisphenol A (BPA, 2,2-bis (4-hydroxyphenyl) propane), known as a ubiquitous endocrine-disrupting chemical, is reported to perform both mimic- and anti-estrogen properties; however, whether it affects cytokine production or(More)
BACKGROUND The knowledge of mosquito species diversity and the level of anthropophily exhibited by each species in a region are of great importance to the integrated vector control. Culicine species are the primary vectors of Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus and filariasis in China. Anopheles sinensis plays a major role in the maintenance of Plasmodium(More)
AIM To investigate the effect of quercetin (3,3',4',5,7-pentahydroxy flavone), a major flavonoid in human diet, on hyper-proliferation of gastric mucosal cells in rats treated with chronic oral ethanol. METHODS Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 200-250 g, were randomly divided into control group (tap water ad libitum), ethanol treatment group (6(More)
We studied coinfection with four genera of bacteria--Borrelia, Bartonella, Anaplasma, and Ehrlichia--in ticks collected between December 2005 and November 2006 from Zhejiang Province and Liaoning Province. Four hundred fifty Haemaphysalis longicornis and 86 Ixodes sinensis ticks were collected and divided into 236 groups. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or(More)
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widespread endocrine-disrupting chemical used as the building block for polycarbonate plastics. Epidemiological evidence has correlated BPA exposure with higher risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes. However, it remains unknown whether there are critical windows of susceptibility to BPA exposure on the development of dysglycemia.(More)
MicroRNAs are small, non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression, and miR-124 is the most abundant miRNA in the brain. Studies have shown that miR-124 is clearly reduced in the ischemic brain after stroke; however, the role of miR-124 after stroke is less well studied. Using TargetScan, MicroCosm Targets version 5, and microRNA.org databases, we(More)
Constitutively activated STAT3 plays a pivotal role in oncogenesis and metastasis in many human cancers, and STAT3 has been validated as a novel anticancer drug target. Thus, the identification of small molecules that modulate STAT3 activity could be of great therapeutic importance. The aim of this study was to isolate novel modulators of the STAT3(More)
MicroRNAs have been discovered as regulators of gene expression and thus their potential in clinical disease diagnostics, prognosis and therapy is being actively pursued. MicroRNAs play an important role in atherosclerosis-related diseases, such as cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease. However, the effect of miR-185 and miR-146a on patients with(More)
BACKGROUND miR-146a, a strong pro-apoptotic factor in some pathophysiological processes, is reported to be involved in ischemic stroke (IS), though its role remains unclear. Fbxl10 is an active anti-apoptotic factor and a predicted target of miR-146a. We hypothesized that dysregulation of miR-146a contributes to ischemic injury by targeting Fbxl10. (More)